TTribune Terms of Use,, TTEspañol or (hereinafter referred to collectively as "TTribune") are free online educational service offered by the Smithsonian for use by K-12 teachers and students, including text, photos, graphics, audio and/or video materials prepared by the Smithsonian and others, about current events, history, art, culture, and science, lessons, instructional and assessment tools, and opportunities to communicate with other participants. Your use of TTribune as a teacher, parent, guardian or student is subject to the below terms and conditions.

Privacy and Security

Learn more about TTribune's use of personal information and security practices here.

Permitted Uses

You may use TTribune for lawful educational purposes, only.

Commercial Use Prohibited

You may not use TTribune for commercial purposes. This means you may not sell content that you find on this website, or products or services that incorporate the content, nor may you use the content to promote or advertise products or services. If you wish to use the content beyond the permitted use, you must obtain prior written permission from the Smithsonian. Please contact

Interactive Features and the Conduct Rules

TTribune allows registered users to interact with each other, subject to the terms and conditions of the Conduct Rules.

The Conduct Rules are meant to identify types of uses that are not appropriate for TTribune, but the Smithsonian cannot enumerate all possible misuses or technical factors. The Smithsonian is under no obligation, but reserves the right, to take appropriate action(s) to address violations of the agreement or other misuse. If you believe there is a violation or misuse of TTribune, you may flag the comment for Smithsonian review and/or report that information to via email.


The Smithsonian welcomes you to make fair use, as defined by U.S. copyright law, of the content presented on this website. You may read more about fair use on the United States Copyright Office's website: You are responsible for determining whether your use is fair and for responding to any claims that may arise from your use.

Certain content presented on TTribune is licensed from the Associated Press (“AP”). Subject to these terms of use, Associated Press text, photo, graphic, audio and/or video material shall not be published, broadcast, rewritten for broadcast or publication or redistributed directly or indirectly in any medium. Neither these AP materials nor any portion thereof may be stored in a computer except for personal and non-commercial use. Users may not download or reproduce a substantial portion of the AP material found on this web site. AP will not be held liable for any delays, inaccuracies, errors or omissions therefrom or in the transmission or delivery of all or any part thereof or for any damages arising from any of the foregoing.

Copyright Complaints

If you have any complaints or objections to content posted on TTribune because it was not properly credited or it was posted without permission and you are the copyright owner, please contact the Smithsonian's Office of General Counsel,, with your contact information and a link to the relevant content.


Many of the names, titles, trademarks, service marks, and logos that appear on TTribune are registered or common law (unregistered) marks of the Smithsonian. With the exception of fair use, you may not use the Smithsonian trademarks without prior written permission.

Trademarks of third parties also may appear on TTribune from time to time. You agree that nothing on TTribune shall be construed as granting any license to use any Trademark displayed on the TTribune without the express written permission of the owner of the trademark.

Teachers, Parents, and Legal Guardians: Prior to registering a student, teachers are responsible for obtaining verifiable consent from the student's parent or guardian. A consent form is available here and in Spanish.

Inappropriate Content: Although the Smithsonian uses a filtering system, users may encounter comments that are controversial, offensive, or possibly inappropriate. Any registered users may "flag" such content for Smithsonian review. You also may report such content, or other possible violation of these terms of use, here.


Although the Smithsonian does not regularly monitor content or information provided by website visitors and registered users, it reserves the right to monitor content or information provided by website visitors and registered users, to edit or remove any content that, in the Smithsonian's judgment, does not comply with the foregoing rules. Decisions of the Smithsonian shall be final. The Smithsonian assumes no responsibility or liability arising from your content, or for any error, defamation, libel, omission, obscenity, danger, falsehood, or inaccuracy contained in any other user-posted content, or from any failure or delay in monitoring, removing, editing, or otherwise responding to such content.

Links TO Third Party Sites

The Smithsonian may link to third party sites which are not under the control of the Smithsonian. These links are provided as a convenience and for informational purposes only, and they do not indicate the Smithsonian's endorsement, sponsorship of, or affiliation with the third party or content of the linked website, including any advertisements that may be posted. The Smithsonian has no control over, makes no representation or warranty and bears no responsibility for the accuracy, legality or content of the externally linked sites.

Links FROM Third Party Sites

Linking is an important feature that facilitates searching and making connections among websites. If you link to TTribune, you agree to present the link in a manner that does not give the impression that the Smithsonian endorses, whether expressly or implicitly, any products, services or opinions provided on your website and that the link contain a clearly written notice that the user is leaving your website and accessing another.


TTribune is provided "AS IS" WITHOUT A WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS OFR A PARTICULAR USE, AND/OR NON-INFRINGMENT. TTribune, as a whole, portions of the site, or particular pieces of content, may not be available at any time, location, or without specific equipment. At its sole discretion, at any time, the Smithsonian may suspend or terminate TTribune without notice. The Smithsonian shall not be responsible or liable for any damage that may occur due to your use of TTribune or downloading any content from TTribune.

Warranty and Indemnity

By using TTribune, you represent and warrant that your use will be consistent with these Terms of Use. You agree to indemnify, defend and hold the Smithsonian harmless from all claims, causes of action, allegations, costs, expenses, fees (including reasonable attorneys' fees), judgments, liabilities, losses, and damages arising from or relating to your use of TTribune.

Applicable Law and Jurisdiction

These Terms of Use and any amendments or revisions shall be governed by applicable federal law and the laws of the District of Columbia, without regard to its conflict of laws principles. Any case, controversy, suit, action, or proceeding arising out of, in connection with, or related to these Terms of Use shall be brought in the appropriate federal court.

Reservation of Rights

The Smithsonian reserves the right to change these Terms of Use from time to time without notice; changes shall be effective upon posting. Please check back regularly for updates. Failure of the Smithsonian to enforce any of these terms shall not constitute a waiver of such terms.