World hunger is on the rise for the third year in a row A food pantry in Baltimore, Maryland. (Baltimore Heritage/USDA/Flickr)
World hunger is on the rise for the third year in a row
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For decades, improvements in agricultural practices and food distribution have steadily decreased hunger rates in nations across the globe. According to Jason Beaubien reporting for NPR, progress has been bumped off the tracks. New data has been put together by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O.) and other agencies. It found that hunger has increased across the world for the third year in a row.

The recent report is somewhat surprising. As of 2015, the rate of undernourishment in the developing world had decreased from 23.3 percent of people between the years 1990 to 1992 to 12.9 percent. But just as that percentage dropped by almost half, the numbers began to reflect global hunger on the rise. From 783.7 million people affected by hunger in 2014, that number increased to 784.4 in 2015. And it increased to 804.2 in 2016. The latest report bumps the number of those affected to 820.8 million.

So what’s causing the increase in hunger? The report points to two main culprits: conflicts around the globe and extreme weather events likely powered by climate change. The interminable conflicts in Yemen, Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia have led to food issues for millions of people. The drop in crude oil prices has led to economic problems in South America. This is particularly true in Venezuela. There, more than 2.3 million people have fled the country mainly due to food issues.

In Africa, some of the worst droughts ever seen have occurred in the last decade affecting nations all over the continent including parts of West Africa, the Horn of Africa and Southern Africa. They have decimated agriculture and impacting food availability in the region.

“[T]he underlying problem with hunger and why we see so much hunger is also poverty, income inequalities and the marginalization of populations,” editor Cindy Holleman, senior economist for food security and nutrition at the F.A.O. told Zipporah Nyambura at Deutsche Welle. 

“But what's new is we’re seeing increasing climate variability. Africa has been hard hit. In the last 10 years, Africa has been especially hit with climate variability and extremes.”

The impacts of hunger can be severe. For instance, according to the report, 151 million children under the age of 5 experience stunted growth due to malnourishment. And 50.5 million experience wasting, or being severely underweight. Paradoxically, hunger also leads to increased rates of obesity. This leads to other health problems like diabetes. 

According to an F.A.O. press release, in 2016, the global percentage of obese people had reached 13.2 percent, even in nations where hunger was on the rise. The reasons for this are complex—because fresh food is often expensive, people gravitate toward fat and sugar-filled processed foods. This creates a “feast-or-famine” style of eating, in which people gorge when food is available and go hungry when it is not. This is also believed to lead to metabolic changes that could cause unwanted weight gain.

The reversal in hunger rates isn’t just a temporary blip and experts don’t see the trend reversing on its own and, in fact, fear that it will get worse without intervention. The report suggests that efforts to end global conflicts, stop climate change and make nations more resilient against natural disasters like flood and drought are needed to get things back on track.

If the trend continues, the UN will fail to achieve one of its most important sustainable development goals, an agenda of projects like ending poverty and improving health and education by 2030. This agenda was ratified in 2015. 

“The alarming signs of increasing food insecurity and high levels of different forms of malnutrition are a clear warning that there is considerable work to be done to make sure we 'leave no one behind' on the road towards achieving the SDG goals on food security and improved nutrition,” the study’s authors write.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
What do you think would be the best way to solve world hunger?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (9)
  • anthonyp-orv
    11/29/2018 - 02:57 p.m.

    I feel that hunger is a big deal and that we need to correct it. when I see people through unfinished food away it gets me a little upset. I think it would be cool if we took a field trip to the homeless shelter to feed them.

  • SawyerR-tho
    12/05/2018 - 01:07 p.m.

    Selling better food for less money would be one way to solve world hunger. Maybe we could do something about the waste of food that we have in this country.

  • GageD-tho1
    12/05/2018 - 01:08 p.m.

    Mostly people in need are homeless people and veterans that just lost everything it’s sad restaurants don’t allow these people in the places allow them to come in and get what they want

    Also there’s a lot of waisting food people would be great full for anything so if you don’t have food you want why not give the extra to people who are hungry.

  • jbroo-wim5
    12/13/2018 - 12:56 p.m.

    I think that restaurants can sell food with less money because there is a lot of poor people in the world that need food so they don't hunger themselves. I also think that we should not waste food cause that wasted food could go to some that actually needs it. I also think that we should eat a amount of food a day because some of us eat a lot of food in a day.

  • MattM-dec
    1/15/2019 - 11:05 a.m.

    I believe the best way to solve world hunger is to maybe try and raise the agriculture percentage in some places and trade more products.

  • laneyA-dec
    1/24/2019 - 09:50 a.m.

    The best way to solve world hunger is to give food away that you don’t eat. You can donate food to a different country where there is world hunger. This is what I think the best way to solve world hunger.

  • EricaG-sto
    9/17/2019 - 01:09 p.m.

    I feel that the best way to solve world hunger is having all the countries including America help out and feed starving people. Half of it we can't really help though becuase of all of our climate change it is very hard to grow and produce crops.

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