Stolen Van Gogh paintings returned to museum
The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam has welcomed home two paintings by the Dutch master, more than 14 years after they were ripped off the museum's wall in a nighttime heist.
"They're back," said museum director Axel Rueger. He called their return one of the "most special days in the history of our museum."
The paintings are the 1882 "View of the Sea at Scheveningen" and 1884-85 work "Congregation leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen." They were discovered last year by Italian police. They were investigating suspected Italian mobsters for drug trafficking.
It wasn't an easy find. The two paintings were wrapped in cotton sheets. They were stuffed in a box and hidden behind a wall in a toilet, said Gen. Gianluigi D'Alfonso of the Italian financial police. He was on hand at the museum March 21 to watch the ceremonial unveiling.
They were found in a farmhouse near Naples. Italian police seized some 20 million euros worth of assets, including villas, apartments and even a small airplane. Investigators contend the assets are linked to two Camorra drug kingpins, Mario Cerrone and Raffaele Imperiale.
"After years shrouded in darkness, they can now shine again," Dutch Minister for Education, Culture and Science Jet Bussemaker said. An orange screen slid away to reveal the two paintings behind a glass wall.
Italy's Interior Minister Angelino Alfano said last year the paintings were "considered among the artworks most searched for in the world."
They are now back on display at the museum before being taken to its conservation studio for repair. Fortunately, they suffered remarkably little damage as thieves who had clambered up a ladder and smashed a window to get into the museum in 2002 ripped them out of their frames.
"It is not only a miracle that the works have been recovered but it's even more miraculous almost that they are in relatively unharmed condition," Rueger said.
The museum director was on vacation when the call came last year from Italian authorities who believed they had recovered the paintings. He didn't celebrate right away. That is because he'd had calls like this before.
"I was hopeful but also a little hesitant. Because over the course of the years, we had multiple occasions when people phoned us, contacted us, claiming that they knew something about the whereabouts of the works and each time it was false, the trace went cold," he said. "So...the way has been peppered with disappointment."
But museum experts dispatched to Italy to check the authenticity of the works quickly turned Rueger's doubts into delight.
The two small works are not typical of Van Gogh's later and better-known works. But they are still vital pieces for the museum's collection, Rueger said.
The Scheveningen seascape, with a fishing boat and rough sea under a typically gray, cloudy Dutch sky, is one of Van Gogh's earliest works. It is the only painting in the museum's collection painted during his time in The Hague. It suffered a missing rectangular chip from the bottom left-hand corner.
The painting of the church in Nuenen portrayed the village where his parents lived.
"He had painted it as a gift to his mother. So it's a very personal and emotional connection," Rueger said.
Rueger said the paintings are now back for good at a museum. It is home to dozens of works by Van Gogh. His paintings fetch millions of dollars on the rare occasions they come up for auction.
"I'm very confident that everything is safe in the museum," he said.
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
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