Movie about civil rights will draw visitors to Selma
The 50th anniversary of the civil rights marches in Selma and the movie that tells the story are expected to bring thousands of visitors to the historic Alabama city this year.
Visitors can still walk across the bridge where voting rights marchers were beaten in 1965. Visitors also can see the churches where the protests were organized.
"There are certain place names in American history where significant, history-making events took place, like Gettysburg, Valley Forge and Vicksburg. And I think because of this film, Selma becomes one of the place names that stands as a significant milestone in American history," Alabama tourism director Lee Sentell said.
Oprah Winfrey, other actors from "Selma" and hundreds more marched to the city's Edmund Pettus Bridge this year on the eve of Martin Luther King Jr. Day. But a bigger event is expected to attract more than 40,000 people in Selma on March 5-9. The annual Bridge Crossing Jubilee will include a walk across the bridge March 8.
The event will mark the 50th anniversary of the "Bloody Sunday." Law enforcement used billy clubs and tear gas to rout marchers intent on walking 50 miles to Montgomery on March 7, 1965. They were seeking the right for blacks to register to vote. A new march, led by Martin Luther King Jr., began March 21, 1965. It arrived in Montgomery on March 25. By that time, the crowd had grown to 25,000. Montgomery is the state capital of Alabama.
Those events and others helped lead to passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. The law opened Southern polling places to millions of blacks. It ended all-white rule in the South.
Today, the bridge and adjoining downtown business district in Selma look much as they did in 1965. But there are some differences. Many storefronts are empty. Government buildings are occupied largely by African-American officials.
Attractions related to the protests are all within walking distance of the bridge. They include the First Baptist Church, where many protests were organized. And Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church, where marchers congregated before going to the bridge and where they sought safety after being beaten.
Near the bridge, there is a free tour of an interpretative center built by the National Park Service. The center offers photographs of the events and emotional video interviews with people who were on both sides of the issues.
Nearby is the Ancient Africa, Enslavement and Civil War Museum. Visitors can see how slaves were captured, sold and exploited. There's a depiction of what it was like to be on a slave ship bound for America.
"You have to know about slavery to know why we didn't have the right to vote," said Faya Rose Toure, one of the museum's founders.
Then tourists can retrace history by walking across the Edmund Pettus Bridge to a park and the National Voting Rights Museum on the opposite side. Museum artifacts include surveillance photos taken by state police. One feature that stands out is the white plaster footprints of the largely unknown participants in the march.
"Everybody has seen pictures of Dr. King leading the march. Those people behind him are what we are focusing on," historian Sam Walker said.
Other sites include the Greyhound bus station where Freedom Riders seeking to integrate interstate transportation were beaten by a white mob in 1961. There's a museum commemorating Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott that King led in 1955. And the Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church, where King served as pastor before moving to Atlanta to lead the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Alabama's governor, Robert Bentley, said the movie and the 50th anniversary of the Voting Rights Act are opportunities to relive history. And to see how Alabama has changed.
"Alabama is a different place than it was 50 years ago. We need to always remember our history, but we can't live in the past," he said.
Critical thinking challenge: Why is Selma likely to attract more visitors in March than it did for Martin Luther King's birthday?