The man who invented basketball David, center, and Chandler Booth look at Suzanne Deal Booth as they pose for a photo next to James Naismith's original rules of Basket Ball on display at the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art on Friday, March 4, 2011, in Kansas City, Mo. (AP Photo/Ed Zurga/Charlie Riedel)
The man who invented basketball
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A University of Kansas researcher has discovered what is believed to be the only audio recording of basketball inventor James Naismith, during which he describes the first game he organized 124 years ago as a bit of a disaster.
 
Michael J. Zogry, an associate professor of religious studies, obtained the nearly 3-minute audio in November from the Library of Congress. It was part of a radio show from New York station WOR-AM.  It was called "We the People." During the Jan. 31, 1939, program, Naismith explained how he set up the game with two peach baskets at the International YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. This was in December 1891.
 
Naismith said he had been given two weeks to devise a new indoor activity for his gym class. The work was hurried along by what he described as a "real New England blizzard."  The storm had the youngsters climbing the walls with little to do.
 
"We tried everything to keep them quiet," Naismith said on the recording, but the students were bored with a "modified" form of football tried in the gym. Naismith figured it was time to try his new idea.  He used an "old soccer ball" and two teams of nine players each.
 
"I told them the idea was to throw the ball into the opposing team's peach basket," he said. "I blew a whistle and the first game of basketball began."
 
It didn't go smoothly. Naismith said the players almost immediately started tackling each other - and worse. Two young men suffered black eyes.  Another was knocked out, and he had to pull players apart, Naismith said.
 
"I didn't have enough (rules), and that's where I made my big mistake," Naismith said.
 
Naismith's description of that first game helps shed light on the process that led him to draft the 13 original rules of the game, Zogry told The Associated Press. It appears that he wrote the new rules shortly after the first game, although the exact timeline isn't clear, he said. Zogry intends to investigate his findings with other research on that topic.
 
"What we know is there was the first game. Then there was a second game with the full complement of rules," Zogry said. "He said the players were nagging him about (the new rules) so it sounds like it happened in pretty quick fashion."
 
Naismith's grandson, Jim Naismith, first heard his grandfather's voice once Zogry obtained the audio. He said the recording "changes just about everything that's been written about that first game."
 
"When he turned those 18 guys loose, obviously they were having a good time. But obviously this was kind of try number one. He commented and said he didn't write enough rules. It came out of that experience," Jim Naismith said in a university news release. "That makes a lot of sense."
 
Rob Rains, the author of "James Naismith: The Man Who Invented Basketball," co-written with Naismith's granddaughter Hellen Carpenter, said he didn't know any other audio recording of Naismith. He said the recording suggests that the game "was modified much more quickly than we first thought."
 
Zogry said he was surprised to discover the audio and realize it was the only existing recording of Naismith's voice.
 
"That I was able to find something like this in this day and age, when the media is ubiquitous, to actually find a form of media that had been lost to history and be able to share it with the public through the KU archives is very exciting," he said.
 
The University of Kansas, where Naismith worked for 40 years and was the first basketball coach, has obtained the 13 original rules. The university is building a structure to house them.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why did the first basketball game get off to a rough start?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (136)
  • wadew-dic
    1/06/2016 - 09:35 p.m.

    I found out how basketball was originally formed and that it was very strange there were 9 players unlike today's game with only 5 players.

  • collinf-2-bar
    1/06/2016 - 10:45 p.m.

    The first basketball game got off to a rough start because, as Naismith said, "I didn't have enough (rules), and that's where I made my big mistake." After, Naismith drafted 13 rules the game went more smoothly.

    I was interested in this article because I enjoy playing basketball.

  • jamesj-1-nar
    1/07/2016 - 09:49 a.m.

    It started off rough because Naismith didn't write enough rules for the game. So the players were used to football and tackled each other. In result Naismith wrote more rules for the game.

  • jamesh-nar
    1/07/2016 - 09:51 a.m.

    When the first game of basketball was played there wasn't enough rules.

  • kairik-nar
    1/07/2016 - 09:55 a.m.

    I think it came out to a rough start because they didn't have any rules prohibiting tackling or stuff like that. If people get hurt playing a game then they need to add more rules. For example: NO TACKLING!!!

  • dominiquem-nar
    1/07/2016 - 09:59 a.m.

    Becuase people were still getting used to the rules

  • jasmines-nar
    1/07/2016 - 10:00 a.m.

    It got off to a rough start because of how people were getting hurt.

  • jacksonv-nar
    1/07/2016 - 10:00 a.m.

    Because there weren't a lot of rules and the players started to almost play football tackling each other.

  • isabellas-nar
    1/07/2016 - 10:02 a.m.

    No one knew how to play the game yet. So how could people play the game right the first time they play it.

  • jillianr-nar
    1/07/2016 - 10:02 a.m.

    When he invented basketball I don't think that he knew what it was going to turn out like. When he saw all of the tackling they were probably trying to play a "football" like game. Now thinking back to the article its amazing how much basketball has evolved.

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