Library of Congress puts spotlight on 440 snapshots
The photograph’s caption says it all: “Nice Feather Dusters.”
Three of these eponymous cleaning tools appear clasped in the right hand of a late 19th-century peddler. His untidy pseudo-necktie undermines his straight-laced expression. Another is poking awkwardly out of a bag by his left side. However, they do not look like a feather duster. Instead, they look like the back end of a richly plumed bird.
In another featured photo, an 11-month-old appears to do the impossible. He appears to raise himself into a pull-up.
The man behind the camera was a teenaged Stanley Kubrick, later known for sci-fi inclinations. But there’s no trick of the light happening here. Look closely, you’ll see that the baby, Kent, is being supported by bodybuilder Gene Jantzen, his father. He cradles the baby in one hand as if he’s lighter than air.
These snapshots are two of roughly 440 featured in the show called “Not an Ostrich: And Other Images from America’s Library.” It is a collaborative exhibition now on view at the Annenberg Space for Photography in Los Angeles. The show draws on the Library of Congress’ photographic archives that includes more than 14 million images. They span three centuries. Anne Wilkes Tucker was the curator and notes in a statement, moments of “glamour, worship, invention, bravery, humor, cruelty and love.”
Tucker is curator emerita at Houston’s Museum of Fine Arts. She tells the New York Times’ James Estrin that she spent a year and half sifting through the library’s vast archives. The curator estimates that she studied one million of the 14 million total photos, according to the Cut’s Melania Hidalgo.
Initially, Tucker selected images based on her gut reaction, but she soon followed a different path. She decided to pursue a more inclusive representation of the country’s diverse regions, religions and demographic groups.
The final group of photographs elevates obscure images to the level of iconic ones. This places playful shots like “Brünnhilde,” which captures the profile of a cat in a Viking helmet, alongside Dorothea Lange’s “Migrant Mother”.
The show traces the evolution of photography from the daguerreotype to digital. Older selections include an 1839 self-portrait informally dubbed the “world’s first selfie” and another is the earliest known portrait of Harriet Tubman. Newer shots include a 2006 snapshot of a couple dining at Wendy’s on Halloween. One of them is in civilian wear, while the other one is decked-out in a chicken suit. And there is a pair of portraits depicting a 16-year-old girl on the first and last day of her treatment for an eating disorder.
“Not an Ostrich” derives its name from a 1930 photo of actress Isla Bevin taken at the 41st-annual Poultry Show in Madison Square Garden. As the caption suggests, she is holding not an ostrich, but a prize-winning “Floradora Goose.”
In a LOC blog post, staffers Beverly Brannan, Adam Silvia and Helena Zinkham write that the show’s—and photograph’s—title reminds viewers to ask, “What are we looking at?” It’s a big question, and one without an easy answer. As photographic theorist Susan Sontag noted in 2003, the image is “both objective record and personal testimony, both a faithful copy or transcription of an actual moment of reality and an interpretation of that reality.”
Complex theory aside, the Annenberg–LOC collaboration represents an opportunity for anyone to delve into America’s past. The exhibition itself features high-resolution digitizations of the original images, and its online counterpart includes hundreds of previously unseen snapshots, many of which are free for public use.
“[The exhibition is] really to make people aware that this incredible resource is available and largely free,” Tucker tells Hyperallergic’s Claire Voon. “I’m also hoping that people will learn from it, and understand that pictures are an access into history.”