King Tut's mask back on display after botched repair fixed German restorer Christian Eckmann examines the beard of the golden mask of the famed King Tutankhamun. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
King Tut's mask back on display after botched repair fixed
Lexile

Egypt has put the famed golden burial mask of King Tutankhamun back on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.  The relic was repaired following a botched attempt to reattach the mask's beard with epoxy.
 
In August 2014, the beard was accidentally knocked off during work on the relic's lightening. Afterwards, workers hastily tried to reattach it with epoxy.  That caused damage to the priceless artifact and stirred uproar among archaeologists.
 
A German-Egyptian team began restoration work on the mask in October. Egypt's Antiquities Minister Mamdouh el-Damaty said the reattachment came after studies explored the best materials to use for the work.
 
"We indeed found them to be the natural materials which the ancient Egyptian used. They are still the best tools: beeswax," el-Damaty told reporters in Cairo on Dec. 16. "It was prepared well and the beard was attached very successfully."
 
Christian Eckmann, the lead restoration specialist, said removing the mask, which took two weeks, "was done exclusively by mechanical means."
 
"We used wooden tools, spatulas, other wooden instruments. In addition, we slightly warmed up the adhesive," he said.
 
The 3,300-year-old pharaonic mask was discovered in Tutankhamun's tomb along with other artifacts by British archeologists in 1922. It sparked worldwide interest in archaeology and ancient Egypt.
 
The mask is arguably the best-known piece in the museum, one of Cairo's main tourist sites.  The museum was built in 1902.  It houses ancient Egyptian artifacts and mummies.
 
Lately, King Tut has been at the focus of new archaeology and media buzz after British Egyptologist Nicholas Reeves theorized that Tutankhamun, who died at the age of 19, may have been rushed into an outer chamber of what was originally Queen Nefertiti's tomb.
 
Famed for her beauty, Nefertiti was the subject of a famous 3,300-year-old bust. Her tomb was never found.  Reeves speculates that it could lie in a hidden chamber behind King Tut's tomb in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why might King Tut have been rushed into someone else’s tomb?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (22)
  • jacks-6-bar
    1/07/2016 - 11:38 p.m.

    King Tut may have been rushed into another tomb because people then wanted to keep his body, coffin, and resting place hidden, so it wouldn't be disturbed or especially robbed. The article states: "The mask is arguably the best-known piece in the museum, one of Cairo's main tourist sites." Being put in this mask of wonders along with the fancy coffin, it is obvious the Egyptians had a high regard for him as a pharaoh. Of course they hid him, thinking many would try and take something as wondrous as King Tut, with his magnificent coffin and maybe his treasures in the tomb. It was to throw off the robbers and thieves. Not only could've King Tut be moved for this reason, but he could've also been moved into another tomb because, in the theory, he was moved into the one of Queen Nefertiti. The article says "Famed for her beauty, Nefertiti was the subject of a famous 3,300-year-old bust." Having the reputation of being beautiful, Egyptians probably wanted to place the pharaoh into an honorable tomb such as this, again, having such high respects for him. Him being in a room once regarded housing beauty would've boosted his reputation illustrating the fact that he was too, beauty describing his coffin and his leading skills.

    The article was interesting, especially when a new theory of King Tut was brought to my knowledge. It tested what I've thought I had known about him, and may have exposed a shocking yet daring truth.

  • sofiat-4-bar
    1/08/2016 - 01:05 a.m.

    King Tut have been rushed into someone else’s tomb because they might not have had one prepaired for himsince he died sooner than expected. British Archelologist Nicholas Reeves theorized that "[...]Tutankhamun, who died at the age of 19, may have been rushed into an outer chamber of what was originally Queen Nefertiti's tomb." As you can see from this quote it states his theory but doesnt necessarily prove it. So my best oppinion would be that there wasn't a tomb prepaired for him yet so he was an addition to another.

  • paigea-3-bar
    1/08/2016 - 01:07 a.m.

    King Tut might have been rushed into someone else's tomb because his death may have been sudden and unexpected, therefore having to bury the body in a royal tomb, but King Tut's tomb may not have been ready yet. Also, at this time they might have been trying to hide the body for a certain reason, so they needed a temporary solution. I enjoyed this article and I thought it was interesting they re-glued the mask's beard instead of somehow carefully attatching it back. Also, I never knew that they put King Tut's body in a different tomb. Finally, I didn't know that epoxy glue was that strong.

  • justiny-2-bar
    1/08/2016 - 10:30 a.m.

    King Tut may have been rushed into someone else's tomb because they might not of made his tomb yet. Another reason for this may have been that he died way earlier than expected. I found it surprising that he died at age 19.

  • aidanc-hor
    1/08/2016 - 02:40 p.m.

    I am very glad that Tut's bust's beard was not destroyed, as it would have ruined the priceless relic and would have made some archaeologists very sad.

  • lindsayh-hor
    1/08/2016 - 02:59 p.m.

    I think the authors purpose in this article was to inform the readers what had happened to King Tuts mask, and how queen Nerfertiti tomb was never found.My opinion on this article is that its not to important to know, but its very interesting to know about what happened, and how the queens tomb was never found. I have learned from this article that some artifacts are very fragile and that king tut was only 19 when he died!
    I agree with the purpose of writing this article and the opinions in the article because there important to know and who wouldn't want to know more about history.

  • chloee-hor
    1/10/2016 - 09:07 a.m.

    The purpose in writing this article about King Tut is to imfrorm the readers on what has happened to the beard on the mask. I learned that to repair pricless artifacts like this, the key is to use the original natural materials like beeswax and wooden tools, said El-Damaty. I agree how world wide archeologist reacted when they heard that other scientists broke off King Tuts famous beard on his mask. I would be mad to because this mask is so important to our worlds history and the Kings burial. I wonder what would have happened if the archeologists couldn't repair the beard of King Tuts mask?

  • sophiek-hor
    1/10/2016 - 12:24 p.m.

    The authors purpose was to provide an informative article about how King Tut's mask needed repair as a result of being studied. The author described the methods used during repair. I have learned from this article that sometimes the best ways to fix things are the ancient ways. An example of this was when the epoxy failed so they turned to the beeswax which they used 3,300 years ago. I agree with the fact they were flexible and wanted to try something new when the first attempt failed.

  • Brandon1231-YYCA
    1/11/2016 - 09:08 p.m.

    I think that it is really weird to have these people accidentally break the fake beard of the king tut mask. If it is really that important to them, then they should be able keep a good distance from them and keep the mask safe. I think that they might have been playing around in the museum and accidentally smacked it off while doing something. I'm pretty sure that they should have been able to patch the mask up pretty fast for the people to have not noticed that the mask has been patched up. I think that it is really bad for them to put this on the news because why would they want to let the whole world know their stupid mistake that they did.

  • ellans-1-bar
    1/13/2016 - 10:53 p.m.

    King Tut might of been rushed into someones else's tomb, because of his early death. This didn't give enough time for Egyptians to build him a great tomb. King Tut was rush into Queen Nefertiti's tomb. This might be because she was, " famed for her beauty, Nefertiti was the subject of a famous 3,300-year-old bust." I think this article was interesting, because It surprised me. I never thought that someone can just steal another person's tomb.

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