Kenya tries to balance turtles and tourism
Kenya tries to balance turtles and tourism In this Saturday, Jan. 16, 2016 photo, local ocean marine scouts who are trained on sea conservation by Local Ocean Trust, carry a rehabilitated turtle from their Watamu centre on the Kenyan coast to release back into the Indian Ocean. (AP Photo/ Ilya Gridneff)
Kenya tries to balance turtles and tourism
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A turtle drags itself along a white sandy beach. It splashes through the gentle warm Indian Ocean and then vanishes with a plop.  It had just become one of 13,750 turtle success stories on a stretch of Kenyan coastline that is under pressure from developers.
 
Kenya is striving to strike a balance. The country is developing its 330 miles of coastline for a billion-dollar tourism industry that employs a half-million people. At the same time, it is preserving the environment that attracts those visitors. As the East African nation does so, some experts say that turtles are key. That is because they are so picky when it comes to laying eggs. If the right environment is maintained for them, then things are going well.
 
Kenya's record is mixed in protecting endangered turtles. But now it is going pretty well, a top wildlife official says.
 
One of several sore spots for conservationists and locals - and not least of all, the turtles - is a hotel of former Renault F1 tycoon Flavio Briatore.
 
The dispute centers around Briatore's Billionaire Resort on Malindi beach and its 100-meter concrete seawall to protect the property and guests from the elements.
 
Malindi resident David Kirk said the resort has been an "absolute environmental disaster."  He said forests full of nesting birds were destroyed and soil was eroded. That is because the seawall had stopped turtles from coming ashore to lay eggs.
 
Resort general manager Stephanie Ravessoud said the seawall's construction followed all government requirements. She said the seawall respects the environment.
 
"Erosion has been there for decades. Everybody knows that sand in our area was being washed away long before the building of our wall," she said.
 
Marine biologist Casper Van de Geer said turtles need quiet, sandy beaches to lay eggs. Large tourist resorts or housing developments disturb that process.
 
"Light and noise scare them off," he said. "They lay their eggs above the high water mark. The nest has to be warm and above the water, so erosion affects that."
 
Local Ocean Trust runs a rehabilitation center in Watamu that Van de Geer manages. Sick or injured turtles are nursed back to health. The group also compensates fishermen for turtles caught in their nets or found sick or injured.
 
"A big adult turtle can fetch up to $500 on the black market," Van de Geer said. "Fishermen earn about $100 a month, in a good month. So one turtle is almost half a year of work.
 
"Turtle conservation is crucial because it also protects the habitat for thousands of other species, including sharks, dolphins and whales," Van de Geer said. "By protecting turtles, you are protecting beaches, mangroves, open ocean, reefs and sea grass, which is virtually every ecosystem in the tropical ocean."
 
Dr. Richard Leakey is the chairman of the governmental Kenya Wildlife Service. He said that while tourism and humans have invariably affected the environment, locally run projects on Kenya's coast have sustained endangered turtle population over the past decade.
 
"The situation these days is much better," Leakey said. "We still have problems with turtles getting stuck in trawler nets. But we've seen very positive signs regarding turtle numbers."
 
The Local Ocean Trust has rescued and sent turtles back to the ocean 13,750 times over the past 20 years of working in Watamu, according to Van de Geer. A turtle tagged in Watamu was later found in the Chagos archipelago 2,300 miles away, he said.
 
"From Mozambique, to Australia, to India and Thailand, we all have a stake in this," he said. "The beach here has an impact on the entire ocean, that's the weird and amazing thing about turtles."
 
Of species found in Kenya, the Hawksbill turtle is critically endangered and the Green turtle is endangered while the Leatherback, Olive Ridley and Loggerhead turtles are vulnerable to becoming extinct, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
 
"Despite our efforts, man remains the turtle's most serious enemy," Van de Geer said.

Source URL: https://www.tweentribune.com/article/tween78/kenya-tries-balance-turtles-and-tourism/

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why is it in Kenya's best interest to balance turtles and tourism?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (41)
  • haleyd1-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:17 p.m.

    It is in kenyas best interest to balance turtles and tourism because it protects turtles and the environment,it is also helping industry by keeping the country stable and the citizens content.

  • austina-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:17 p.m.

    It is in Kenya's best interests to balance turtles and tourism because it protects the habitat for thousands of other species, including sharks, dolphins and whales.

  • mattv-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:17 p.m.

    Due to the increasing amount of tourism, they had to build 100 foot sea walls to protect the guests property and possessions. This prevents all sea turtles from nesting and laying eggs on the shore of Kenya. Kenya is now working for a way to allow the turtles in.

  • travond-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:18 p.m.

    sea turtles are a big of the oceans chain and there all most exsticnt

  • hollyk-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:18 p.m.

    Kenya's best interest to balance turtles and tourism because as it is says in the article "he country is developing its 330 miles of coastline for a billion-dollar tourism industry that employs a half-million people."So if the tourism increases then the turtles are at more risk because of there pollution.

  • elizabetht-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:18 p.m.

    It is in Kenya's best interest to balance turtles and tourism because the turtles could positively boost their tourism. The turtles also are a species themselves that are sometimes hunted to endangerment or even extinction. The loss of the turtles could cause a sudden drop in tourism. Drops in tourism equals loss of money coming in from outside of the country, tanking the economy.

  • austing-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:19 p.m.

    It is in Kenya's best interest to balance turtles and tourism because many tourists come to see the turtles and without the turtles fewer tourists will show.

  • hannaha-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:19 p.m.

    It is in Kenya's best interest to balance turtles and tourism because turtles are an important thing in Kenya and some are endangered. So it is important to keep them and their environment safe.

  • victoriae-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:20 p.m.

    Kenya's best interest is to balance turtle and tourism because the turtles are going extinct and the tours makes lots of money to fund.

  • ethany-fel
    4/18/2016 - 02:20 p.m.

    Kenya's best interest is to balance turtles and tourism because the turtles are what attracts the tourists

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