Culture and climate change in the Arctic
Culture and climate change in the Arctic Ski boots worn by the Arctic Sami people of northern Norway. ( Don Hurlbert)
Culture and climate change in the Arctic
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It's hard to believe that people have been living in the Arctic for 40,000 years. How can people survive in such a harsh environment and what would motivate them to stay?
 
Anthropologists who study Arctic cultures have discovered that it's quite a hospitable place for those who figure out how to get by. Hundreds of cultures have occupied the Arctic over time and these communities have adapted to life on the ice. They invented a variety of ways to get around and find the resources they need. Skis, dogsleds, reindeer, kayaks and snowmobiles have helped Arctic people connect with each other and the natural resources.
 
Natural resources that sustain Arctic life include huge concentrations of marine mammals, including bowhead whales and ringed seals and massive herds of land animals such as caribou. An Arctic mammal offers a full set of essential supplies. From clothing to food to cooking oils, plus bones to make tools or boat frames.
 
Both people and the wildlife they depend on are intimately connected to Arctic conditions. Small changes in temperature lead to large changes in sea ice.  The temperatures spur migrations and adaptations of animals and people. For thousands of years, Arctic people have been adjusting to seasonal fluctuations and longer-term climate changes.
 
Find out more about how people in the Arctic adapt to changing conditions. Join us on Thursday, Nov. 5, 2015, for a Smithsonian Science How live webcast. It is titled Culture and Climate Change in the Arctic and airs at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. EST on the Q?rius website. Archaeologist Dr. Bill Fitzhugh from the National Museum of Natural History will appear live to discuss and answer questions. Get teaching resources to support your webcast experience.

Source URL: https://www.tweentribune.com/article/tween78/culture-and-climate-change-arctic/

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Anthropologists who study Arctic cultures have discovered that it is quite a hospitable place for those who figure out how to get by. But that doesn't answer this question: What motivates them to stay?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (30)
  • colleens-
    11/09/2015 - 05:39 p.m.

    I believe that people stay there because that was how they were raised. They don't want to leave the place they call home. Also, they found a way to live there. They want to keep the culture alive.

  • salaa-pru
    11/10/2015 - 10:50 a.m.

    What I think that motivates them to stay is, how they feel full of supplies and adventure in the Arctic.

  • enan-pru
    11/10/2015 - 10:51 a.m.

    I think what motivates them to stay is the climate or lifestyle. I thought not a lot of people live in the Arctic. It's wonderful that they live there.

  • arnol-pru
    11/10/2015 - 10:52 a.m.

    Maybe there friends and family are happy to stay. Could it be that what motivates them to stay is just there normal life style

  • ppod-pru
    11/10/2015 - 11:05 a.m.

    Maybe they like the culture,lifestyle,their costoms and traditions.

  • ppod-pru
    11/10/2015 - 11:06 a.m.

    Weather doesn't bother them,they may even have liked the culture ,

  • jonap-pru
    11/10/2015 - 01:12 p.m.

    I think the lifestyle,the climate, the culture, and all the nature they see.There probably not a lot of people who are living in the arctic.They don't care if the weather is cold, there lucky to have a home.

  • Jason0421-YYCA
    11/16/2015 - 09:10 p.m.

    I think that it is interesting and amazing for people to have been able to live in the Arctic for 40,000 years. I think that it is amazing because even Anthropologists who study Arctic cultures have discovered that it's quite a hospitable place. It is interesting because they would have been frozen to death since they were in the Arctic. But they didn't.

  • nariahb-
    11/17/2015 - 02:11 p.m.

    They people stay because the animals keep them alive for the food and clothing.The salt water gets boiled for them to drink the water. They stay motivated because they have things to keep them from dying or moving from place to place. It is their homeland so they don't want to move and the cold weather doesn't bother them.

  • landonp-
    11/17/2015 - 02:15 p.m.

    They probably stay for many reasons. I think the main reason is they like it. They probably like learning about new things.

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