Are you brave enough to be a lion guard? A lion guard, wearing a lion-like mask, demonstrates how he scares off lions using a plastic horn during a training session at their base in Hwange, south west of Zimbabwe's capital Harare. (AP Photo/Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi)
Are you brave enough to be a lion guard?

Standing 20 feet from a lion, Charles Tshuma was armed with just a plastic horn. He and some neighbors blew the vuvuzelas to frighten away the lion. But the big cat did not budge.
They kept blowing their horns and shouting and screaming until the lion turned away and ambled back into Hwange National Park. The big cat was leaving Tshuma's rural community.
It's not always so easy, said Tshuma.
"Sometimes people in the village do not want to join in to chase away the lions, choosing instead to lock themselves indoors," he said.
That is the life of Zimbabwe's lion guards. They are brave community members selected and trained to prevent attacks on humans and cattle by big cats who stray from the unfenced Hwange Park. The park sprawls over 5,625 square miles in western Zimbabwe.
The killing of Cecil the lion by an American hunter near Hwange Park in July caused international outrage. But the biggest threat to Hwange's more than 500 lions is conflict with surrounding cattle farmers, researchers say. The innovative lion guard program is designed to protect both humans and lions.
Oxford University's Lions Research Project has tracked and studied over 30 lion prides (families) in its 15 years here.  Oxford is in England.  Seeing many attacks by lions wandering out of the park, the researchers in 2007 launched the Long Shields program.  Its goal is to reduce conflicts between lions and humans.
Since then, there has been a 40 percent decline in those conflicts. That's according to Brent Stapelkamp, a researcher with the Oxford project. Many of Hwange's lions have collars with satellite tracking devices. So the researchers can inform surrounding villages when and where lions have left the park.
Equipped with mountain bikes, mobile phones and a GPS tracker, the guards go to the area to turn back the straying lions. They blow their vuvuzelas and alert other members of the community. People then gather, carrying whips and sticks and some wearing lion-like masks. They play drums and clap wooden blocks together to scare away the lions. They also use bright lights and light watch fires at night.
The name Long Shields refers to the Matabele warriors of the late 19th century. They were known as "the people of the long shields," for the tall rawhide shields they carried into battle.
Even though there's an average of 30 lions-human conflicts per month, communities surrounding Hwange have seen a decline in lions attacking cattle.
"We definitely know that the program has actually been able to chase some lions from the community back into the park. So in that way it becomes effective," said Lovelater Sedede, a parks ecologist, but she warns: "Lions running away from the sound of vuvuzelas do not totally eradicate the problem. Lions could get used to it and hence there is need for more research methods to fight lion and human conflict."
The surrounding communities are pleased with the results.
"We have noticed that the challenges from predators have gone down ... our animals are protected and the predators are kept away," said Vincent Mangenyo, a local leader.
Forty percent of the fatalities of lions in the Oxford study are at the hands of livestock owners or as a result of their attacks on livestock, said Stapelkamp, representing the single biggest cause of death.
"I can't ... tell the world that lions are the most important thing in the world and we must conserve them," he said. "I can't, because there are people who are hungry, starving in Zimbabwe. They lose all their livestock to a lion in a night."
But thanks to the Long Shield guards, not only are livestock saved, noted Stapelkamp, so are lions.

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Why is scaring off the lions the best defense?
Write your answers in the comments section below

  • jackt-ver
    10/26/2015 - 01:19 p.m.

    I would not have the guts to stand up to such a viscous creature like a lion. Armed with only a plastic horn would be suicide. Either they are really brave, or they are very stupid.

  • lukeh-orv
    10/26/2015 - 02:56 p.m.

    Yes I am brave enough to be a lion guard

  • Steve0620-yyca
    10/26/2015 - 09:01 p.m.

    I think that it will be great that the lions and the humans and livestock will be saved. The lions are escaping from Hwange National Park and going into places where the people live. Then sometimes, there are hunters that will kill the lion. The lions and the people and cattle all need to be protected. Some people called the lion guards are trying to save them all by scaring away the lions. I don't know how the lions are being scared but now they are getting used to it. I don't think that the lions should be going near the people because when they do, they eat the livestock and the food so the people are suffering.

  • tyn-2-bar
    10/26/2015 - 11:06 p.m.

    In the article Lovelater Sedede says "We definitely know that the program has actually been able to chase some lions from the community back into the park. So in that way it becomes effective,". Along with that statement, scaring the lions away does not harm the lions such as a tranquilizer or gun would.

  • annabel1226-yyca
    10/28/2015 - 12:52 a.m.

    I won't be that brave like those people. I just can killed the insects. If I were one of them I would just run away from them. I would be very embarrassed, so I won't be able to go up to them and say sorry. I would be a very bad team member for them. Why can't it be the officers? Why does the citizens have to guard the lion. Do you think I am a coward? I think I am. I can't even take care of my own team and then I run off.

  • faiths-jen
    10/28/2015 - 11:32 a.m.

    because if you scare them they might take off running away from you or they will run at you both ways its bad because ether way they will find you

  • tonyw-1-ver
    11/02/2015 - 08:32 a.m.

    That is the life of Zimbabwe's lion guards. They are brave community members selected and trained to prevent attacks on humans and cattle by big cats who stray from the unfenced Hwange Park.

  • zanderhe-Sch
    12/21/2015 - 02:46 p.m.

    Then the lions will respect you and leave you alone

  • okathryn-dav
    1/05/2017 - 07:51 p.m.

    In response to" Are you brave enough to be a lion guard?" No, I am not brave enough to be a lion guard. One reason is because I would only be about 20 feet away from a lion that could easily kill me. My second reason is because there are about 500 lions in the park. My third reason is because my only defense would be a plastic horn. Even though by being a lion guard it is declining lion attacks on people and other animals, I still wouldn't want to be a lion guard.

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