Archaeologists find ancient, 7,000-year-old settlement This handout photo released by the Israel Antiquities Authority on Wednesday, Feb. 15, 2016, shows work on uncovering of an ancient settlement in Jerusalem. (Israel Antiquities Authority via AP/Assaf Peretz)
Archaeologists find ancient, 7,000-year-old settlement
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Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a 7,000-year-old settlement in northern Jerusalem. They are describing it as the oldest discovery of its kind in the area.
 
Israel's Antiquities Authority said the excavation exposed two houses with well-preserved remains and floors containing pottery vessels, flint tools and a basalt bowl.
 
Ronit Lupu is the authority's director of excavations. She said the items are representative of the early Chalcolithic period, beginning around 5,000 B.C. Similar developments have been found elsewhere in present-day Israel but not in Jerusalem.
 
"This is the first time we found architecture of this kind in Jerusalem itself," she said. "We are talking about an established society, very well organized, with settlement, with cemeteries."
 
During the Chalcolithic period, people began to use tools made from copper, but they continued to use stone tools as well.
 
The site was discovered while authorities were doing roadwork in the east Jerusalem neighborhood of Shuafat.
 
It remains unclear how large the development was. The excavation covered an area of about 500 square feet and there were no immediate plans to expand the work, Lupu said.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why did humans use stone tools before tools made from metal?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (24)
  • lucasl-3-bar
    2/24/2016 - 05:52 p.m.

    Humans used stone tools before building them with metal because stone was more common and easier to find, mine, and work with. The article states that copper was sometimes used for tools, but stone was much more commonly used. Reasons for this ranged from the fact that stone was much more common than copper, or that stone was a stronger material. It was interesting how, even thousands of years ago, humans developed complex societies that have continued to grow to modern society. This topic is very interesting, considering how finding just a few artifacts and fossils can suggest how people lived long ago.

  • ryanh-ver
    2/24/2016 - 06:40 p.m.

    Could their be more items surrounding the area or something that could help us get information about how it was like back then and what we had used to help us live?

  • paigea-3-bar
    2/24/2016 - 06:53 p.m.

    Humans used stone tools before tools made from metal because they probably had the materials available in larger quantities at the time. Stone was probable more common, therefore they could make more tools out of stone. The article states, "During the Chalcolithic period, people began to use tools made from copper, but they continued to use stone tools as well." So, people did use metal, but they also used stone. I think this article is interesting how, "Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a 7,000-year-old settlement in northern Jerusalem. They are describing it as the oldest discovery of its kind in the area." It is amazing to me how we continue to find items to represent our past.

  • michaely-6-bar
    2/24/2016 - 10:16 p.m.

    During the Chalcolithic period, people began to use tools made from copper, but they continued to use stone tools as well. They would use it till it could no longer work. I think it is unique how they still use the old tools when they have new tools. Compared to are life now it seems If something is old we get rid of it immediately. At least that's what I see people doing a lot to things like clothes or food even.

  • angelad-6-bar
    2/24/2016 - 10:39 p.m.

    Humans used stone tools before tools made from metal because stone is easier and more simple to forage into tools, plus to forage cooper into tools it takes heat from a fire, so before humans discovered fire they could only create stone tools (which did not require heat). Thats why for example as the article says in paragraph 5 "During the Chalcolithic period, people began to use tools made from copper, but they continued to use stone tools as well." that they had just begun using cooper metal. I found this article interesting because this settlement was found by accident when city workers where repairing roads. I found this article surprising because if people from 7,000 years ago both had cooper and stone tools why where they still using stone tools? Weren't cooper tools more effective in daily work?


  • kieranw-3-bar
    2/25/2016 - 12:13 a.m.

    Humans used stone tools before tools made from metal because not all cultures have advanced enough to melt metal and form tools from this metal, so before to introduction to metal the next strongest material was stone, so for the earlier cultures stone was the choice of tools. I find this article very fascinating because I have a great interest in archaeology and finding old pieces of the past. I am amazed that a settlement of this age is still in this kind of condition, that is extremely rare and truly mazes me. Hopefully Lupu's team can go and discover more ancient settlements.

  • tiffanyf-1-bar
    2/25/2016 - 01:05 a.m.

    Humans used stone tools before tools made from metal because stone was easier to mine and refine. The article states,"Israeli archaeologists have unearthed a 7,000-year-old settlement in northern Jerusalem." The society was not yet advanced enough to know how to use metal to create tools and weapons. This article is interesting because just by discovering a couple of tools and pottery, archaeologists can decide a settlement occurred 7,000 years ago.

  • audreyv-4-bar
    2/25/2016 - 07:29 p.m.

    Humans used "made from copper, but they continued to use stone tools" because copper and other metals were just discovered. As time progresses, people continue to discover other objects that can be used because it may be better or more efficient. Since this was about 5000 BC ago, humans have just discovered copper.

    I found this article astounding, because it shows how people are able to look in the past and see what we did many years ago.

  • nicholasl-2-bar
    2/25/2016 - 08:00 p.m.

    Humans used stone tools before made from metal because they didn't have the technology to get metals to use for tools. In the article, it says,"People began to use tools made from copper, but they continued to use stone tools as well." This means that they just began to use metal tools.
    I liked this article because it is about ancient civilizations. I was surprised that they used metal tools made out of copper.

  • alexir-3-bar
    2/25/2016 - 09:11 p.m.

    These people most likely used stone tools before tools made out of metal because metal was hard to get out of the ground and it was hard to create tools with. In the text it states that this society was "an established society, very well organized." This tells us that creating tools out of metals required advanced thought. Stone was very accessible to people and was much easier to carve and use. I thought this subject is very interesting because i love hearing about our history.

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