Ancient Roman monument-turned-eyesore gets needed makeover A view of the Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome during a special opening for the press, Tuesday May 2, 2017. (Ettore Ferrari/ANSA via AP)
Ancient Roman monument-turned-eyesore gets needed makeover
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The mausoleum of Emperor Augustus was a towering monument when it was built in 28 B.C.  But the decrepit eyesore in Rome's historic center is being restored with a $10.9 million public-private facelift expected to be completed in 2019.
 
The structure is located along the Tiber River. It is made up of circular, vaulted corridors with the sepulcher in the center. It has been covered with trees, weeds and garbage. It has been closed to the public since the 1970s because of safety concerns.
 
Its restoration is being financed by the city of Rome, the culture ministry and a donation from the TIM phone company.
 
On May 1, Mayor Virginia Raggi donned a protective helmet and paid a visit.
 
"I hope the mausoleum will be given back as soon as possible to the people," she said.
 
Augustus had the mausoleum built for himself and the imperial family. It also houses the bones and ash of Emperors Vespasian, Nero and Tiberius, each indicated with a marble plaque.
 
The structure was originally 295 feet in diameter and 147 feet high. It originally featured a bronze sculpture of Augustus on the roof. Its location is a stone's throw from the Tiber. The location gave it maximum visibility around the city of Rome.
 
Over the centuries it was used as a fortress, for bullfights and for concerts. Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, eager to revive Roman imperial glory, restored the area. He built a square piazza around it called Piazza Augusto Imperatore. Today it houses upscale restaurants and shops.
 
But the mausoleum itself was shut down in the 1930s. Since then, it's been fenced off and left in disrepair.
 
In the first phase of the restoration, workers cleaned out the garbage and cut back the trees and weeds that grew up inside. Phase two involves installing electricity and a cover.
 
The restored mausoleum will have an adjoining museum, elevators and a shop, making it a convenient stop alongside the nearby Ara Pacis altar that received a Richard Meier-designed protective covering a decade ago.
 
Augustus was 35 when he had the mausoleum built, shortly after his victory in the naval Battle of Actium, where he defeated the fleets of Antony and Cleopatra, consolidating his power and making him the undisputed leader of the Roman Empire.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
The mausoleum is very old. Why is it still standing?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (2)
  • saraip-
    5/11/2017 - 08:38 a.m.

    I think this article is pretty cool and how they look at remains of things to see ancient people from the past.

  • juliac12326-
    5/16/2017 - 10:17 a.m.

    1. The mausoleum of Augustus was built in 28 B.C.
    2. It has been closed to the public since the 1970's, but plans to re-open in 2019 after it is finished being restored.
    3. The mausoleum also hosts the ashes and bones of the emperors Vespasian, Nero, and Tiberius.

    1.Why are they just planning to fix it now?
    2. What happened to the bronze sculpture of Augustus that was originally on the top?

    In my opinion, I think it is a great idea that they are restoring it, so that the public can see it. I think that restoring it allows the public to actually see it and understand how things were made.

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