German restorers Christian Eckmann, right, and Katja Broschat examine the famed golden mask of King Tutankhamun as an Egyptian-German team begins restoration work over a year after the beard was accidentally broken off and hastily glued back with epoxy, at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt, Tuesday, Oct. 20, 2015. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
3,300-year-old mask of King Tut needs its beard fixed
October 28, 2015
Restorers have put their work on the famed golden burial mask of King Tutankhamun on display in Cairo. This comes over a year after the beard was accidentally knocked off and glued back on with epoxy.
A German-Egyptian team of experts showed off the mask Oct. 20 in a laboratory in the Egyptian Museum. The experts described plans for how the epoxy will be scraped off. The beard will be carefully removed before being reattached. The repair method will be determined by a joint scientific committee.
Christian Eckmann, the lead restoration specialist, said the work should take a month or two. It will depend on how long it takes to remove the beard. The beard will be attached after research into how the mask and beard attachment were originally made and joined.
"We have some uncertainties now. We don't know how deep the glue went inside the beard. And so we don't know how long it will take to remove the beard," he said on the sidelines of a news conference. The conference was held with Antiquities Minister Mamdouh el-Damaty and Tarek Tawfik, director-general of the still-under-construction Grand Egyptian Museum, near the pyramids.
"We try to make all the work by mechanical means ... we use wooden sticks which work quite well at the moment. Then there is another strategy we could implement, slightly warming up the glue," he said. "It's unfortunately epoxy resin, which is not soluble."
A museum employee knocked the beard off during work on the relic's lighting in August 2014 and it was hastily reattached with epoxy. When the error was revealed in January, the Antiquities Ministry called a press conference. Eckmann said he and an Egyptian team could fix the epoxy-job and that permanent damage can be avoided.
The 3,300-year-old pharaonic mask was discovered in Tutankhamun's tomb along with other artifacts by British archeologists in 1922 and the discovery sparked worldwide interest in archaeology and ancient Egypt.
It is arguably the best-known piece in the museum, which is one of Cairo's main tourist sites and was built in 1902. The museum houses ancient Egyptian artifacts and mummies.
Eckmann said that during the restoration, experts would conduct a detailed study of the mask's ancient manufacture technique that had not been done previously. The goal is to determine what materials and techniques were used.
"We are using this chance to gain new information about the manufacture," he said.
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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why can't experts be certain about all aspects of the repair?
Write your answers in the comments section below