Our language, ourselves Alberto Javier Reyes García, biologist at the National Herbarium in Mexico (MEXU), collecting plants in the Zapotec community of La Ventosa, Oaxaca, Mexico as part of Smithsonian-led research. (Gibrán Morales Carranza)
Our language, ourselves
Lexile

Every sentence we speak reveals something about who we are as humans. Even people speaking the same language have distinct dialects. These are rooted in their history and culture. Whether you say "soda" or "pop" may reveal what country and what region you are from. What you call the night before Halloween may tie to your religious beliefs. What kind of slang you use may stem from the habits of the community you grew up in.
 
Language also sheds light on connections between us, and our natural environments. Plants and animals that are given names in any language are generally those that are relevant to people speaking the language. The relevance comes from the way that the people have interacted with the animals and plants. In some cases, this has happened over centuries.
 
While we might think of language as having a fixed set of words and rules that we learn in school, in fact language is always evolving. New words emerge while others fall out of use. Pronunciation changes over time as does the meaning of words. People also borrow words from languages other than their own to complement their own lexicon.
 
Our ability to learn language develops when we are young. Sounds heard as infants, or even in the womb, set the stage for language learning later. Baby cooing is the result of babies' analysis of the languages spoken to them. Babies are practicing the pronunciation and recognition of sounds that they need for communication. Children exposed to multiple languages early in life, and growing up multilingual, develop enhanced cognitive functions. These may include the ability to focus and ignore distractions.
 
Languages are as diverse as the communities that speak them. Each of the approximately 7,000 world languages is a testimony to a community's unique human experience. Yet, many languages around the world are endangered. It is possible that as many as half of the world's languages could go silent by the end of this century. Why? The reasons are complex. But they boil down to social inequalities and disrespect for others.
 
Linguist Gabriela Perez Baez researches Zapotec languages, which are indigenous to Mexico. Learn more about her work to recover an endangered Zapotec language. Watch the "Smithsonian Science How" webcast on Thursday, May 25, 2017. It's titled Recovering Voices - Sustaining Global Linguistic Diversity and airs at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. EDT. She will answer your questions live (in both English and Spanish), and you can get teaching resources to use before or after the live show.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why do people from different regions have different words for the same things?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (12)
  • kimberlyc-
    5/23/2017 - 08:37 a.m.

    People from different regions have different words for the same thing because we have developed so many languages and people combined words from the past

  • alant-
    5/23/2017 - 08:39 a.m.

    Its just the way they were thought to speak but it just in a different langue but the same meaning.

  • cesars-
    5/23/2017 - 08:41 a.m.

    People from different regions have different words for the same meaning because of the way they do things to make it sound kinda of the same as what other people say about it,

  • hayleel-ste
    5/23/2017 - 09:55 a.m.

    People from different regions have different words for the same things because it all depends on what they grew up around and what their parents of guardians called that thing.

  • natalies-
    5/24/2017 - 08:37 a.m.

    It's all about how they are taught to say certain things. Different regions are taught different things, but in the end they mean the same thing. For example, soda and pop. They are synonyms, meaning the same thing, but still are different words.

  • devynm13-
    5/24/2017 - 08:37 a.m.

    it all depends on what they grew up around and what their parents or guardians called the object. But in all, where ever you go, they all mean the same thing, and have the same meaning.

  • wesleya-
    5/24/2017 - 08:37 a.m.

    Cause of what the environment or religion they believe in.

  • kelliek-
    5/24/2017 - 08:37 a.m.

    Their language can be very unique and personal to different slang they have or even just where they grew up. It also depends what they grew up saying.

  • javonh-bur
    5/24/2017 - 10:53 a.m.

    where I'm from the things we say here would not make since there and the thing we say there wouldn't make since here.



    by javon

  • mackenziet-kut
    5/29/2017 - 09:06 p.m.

    I thought it was interesting how people who grow up multilingualy can ignore distractions and focus on the task on hand better than someone who did not grow up multilingualy. This makes me think of how playing an instrument makes you smarter.
    An example of how languages are changing is in English. People used to spell shop like shoppe. This interests me to see how English will change in the future.
    The article states that languages are endangered and this is because of "social inequalities and disrespect for others". I do not understand how these reasons could endanger the diversity of the world's languages.

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