Now you can fly to Cuba In this Wednesday, Feb. 10, 2016 photo passengers enter the charter departures terminal of the a Jose Marti International Airport in Havana, Cuba. (AP Photo/Desmond Boylan)
Now you can fly to Cuba
Lexile

The United States and Cuba have signed a deal. It will restore commercial air traffic between the countries for the first time in five decades. It will allow dozens of daily flights.  They will bring hundreds of thousands more American travelers a year to the island as early as this fall.
 
Immediately after the signing, the U.S. Department of Transportation opened bidding by American air carriers on as many as 110 U.S.-Cuba flights a day. It is more than five times the current number. All flights operating between the two countries today are charters.
 
Barring other major announcements, the restart of commercial flights will be the most significant development in U.S.-Cuba trade since Presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro announced in late 2014 that they would begin normalizing ties. This was after a half-century of opposition. The Obama administration is eager to make rapid progress on building trade and diplomatic ties with Cuba.  The goal is to do it before the president leaves office. The coming weeks are seen as particularly crucial to building momentum ahead of a trip he hopes to make to Havana. That could come by the end of March.
 
"Today is a historic day in the relationship between Cuba and the U.S.," U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx said.  He and Cuban Transportation Minister Adel Yzquierdo Rodriguez signed the deal Feb. 16.  They met in a ceremony at Havana's Hotel Nacional.
 
The U.S. Department of Transportation expects to award the new routes by the summer. The winning airlines then must negotiate their own deals with Cuba.
 
Yzquierdo declined an interview request. But Foxx said after meeting with the Cuban minister that he believed Cuba was eager to restore commercial air service.
 
"People will actually be able to go buy a ticket and fly to Cuba on a commercial airline," Foxx said. "That's a pretty big step. We haven't been able to do that in 50 years."
 
The agreement allows 20 regular daily U.S. flights to Havana. They will be in addition to the current 10-15 charter flights a day. The rest would be to other Cuban cities. Cuba and the U.S. are only 90 miles apart at the closest point.
 
Nearly 160,000 U.S. leisure travelers flew to Cuba last year. That number does not include the hundreds of thousands of Cuban-Americans visiting family. The Cuban-Americans fly on charter flights out of Florida.
 
Commercial flights will make travel to Cuba far easier for U.S. travelers. The new flights would include features such as online booking and 24-hour customer service.  Those features largely are not available in the charter industry.
 
U.S. visitors to Cuba will still have to qualify under one of the travel categories legally authorized by the U.S. government. Tourism is still barred by law. But the number of legal reasons to go to Cuba, from organizing professional meetings to distributing information to Cubans, has grown large.  The rules are loosely enforced.  Today, the distinction from tourism has blurred significantly.
 
Commercial travel will give travelers the ability to simply check an online box on a long list of authorized categories.
 
The deal does not contemplate flights by Cuba's national airline to the United States. In the U.S., lawyers for families and businesses have sued Havana over decades-old property confiscations. They are eager to freeze any Cuban assets that they can get their hands on.
 
American Airlines spokesman Matt Miller said the company plans to bid on routes from Miami and other unspecified "American hubs."
 
United Airlines is also looking to serve Havana from some of its hubs, spokesman Luke Punzenberger said. The carrier's major hubs include Chicago, Houston, Washington and Newark, New Jersey. It currently does not fly charters to Cuba.
 
JetBlue Airways said it was eager to offer service between "multiple" cities in the United States and the island. JetBlue spokesman Doug McGraw said, "interest in Cuba has reached levels not seen for a generation."

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why must airlines bid for the chance to fly to Cuba?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (141)
  • carsonb2002-
    2/23/2016 - 11:21 a.m.

    Airlines must bid for the chance to fly to Cuba because Cuba needs help with its economy and the U.S wants to go to Cuba, since Cuba's economy is not so good they need other countries to pay some of it by bidding for the rights to go to Cuba.

  • nataliev-hol
    2/23/2016 - 11:21 a.m.

    Today is a historic day in the relationship between Cuba and the U.S.," U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx said. He and Cuban Transportation Minister Adel Yzquierdo Rodriguez signed the deal Feb. 16. They met in a ceremony at Havana's Hotel Nacional.

  • charlien-
    2/23/2016 - 11:22 a.m.

    Air lines must bid for the chance to fly to Cuba because many people fly to Cuba and if people could not fly to Cuba they would be unhappy and airlines would lose business. In the text the author states that "nearly 160,000 U.S. leisure travelers flew to Cuba last year". Also the author states that "immediately after the signing, the U.S. Department of Transportation opened bidding by American air carriers on as many as 110 U.S.-Cuba flights a day". That is why airlines bid for the chance to fly to Cuba.

  • joyah-
    2/23/2016 - 11:23 a.m.

    Airlines must bid on the chance to fly to Cuba because now that Cuba is a flight destination, there will be many people rushing to go. Since Cuba is an island in the Caribbean, I think that it is going to be a very common vacation spot in the next few years. Also in the text it states that "Nearly 160,000 U.S. leisure travelers flew to Cuba last year. That number does not include the hundreds of thousands of Cuban-Americans visiting family. The Cuban-Americans fly on charter flights out of Florida." 160,000 U.S. leisure travelers are a lot of people, but as it says in the text " That number does not include the hundreds of thousands of Cuban-Americans visiting family..." Before we know it Cuba will become one of the BIGGEST vacation spots.

  • mayac-
    2/23/2016 - 11:24 a.m.

    Airlines must bid on the chance to fly to Cuba because there can only be so many flights going there and many of the airline companies want to get to go there because of the hubs. This leads to conflict because it will be a popular destination which means money, so bidding solves that problem. I know this because in the text it states " eager to offer service between "multiple" cities in the United States and the island. JetBlue spokesman Doug McGraw said, "interest in Cuba has reached levels not seen for a generation." This shows that airlines want to get in on the deal because it is in big interest to go there, so they make more money from. This causes the airlines to bid on it. Solving conflict and making money for the Department of transportation.

  • ellieh-
    2/23/2016 - 11:24 a.m.

    Airlines must bid for the chance to fly to Cuba because of the limit on flights per-day. There are only a few flights per day, and with so many airlines throughout the United states, it would be difficult to get a flight. Airlines must bid a lot of money in order to get flights into Cuba.

  • walkerha-
    2/23/2016 - 12:32 p.m.

    Airline must bid on the chance because there is a quota on the amount of flights allowed to Cuba each day. Without the bidding, to many flights would be going in and out and Cuba doesn't have the enough hubs to land all of the flights. The bidding allows only a few airlines and flights to travel in and out of Cuba without major delays and confusions.

  • carolinef-
    2/23/2016 - 12:32 p.m.

    Since the US has not let people fly to Cuba from the US in 50 years. Most likely means that if they just started to now let people fly there, then they wouldn't do all of the sudden. So the bidding from the airlines gives them a start for flight to Cuba, and maybe will soon be opened to a lot of different airlines.

  • litzyd-
    2/23/2016 - 12:43 p.m.

    The airlines must bid for the chance to fly to Cuba because when you are in the airport you they need to make sure that you only going for anything not tourism. They still don't let you go in Cuba for tourism. Also only charter planes are going to into Cuba. U.S visitors can only go to Cuba for illegal reasons. Also United States and Cuba can up with an agreement that 20 flights a day are allow in Cuba.

  • elliottm-
    2/23/2016 - 12:50 p.m.

    One reason why I believe that airlines must bid for the chance to fly to Cuba is because the text states that "Immediately after the signing, the U.S. Department of Transportation opened bidding by American air carriers on as many as 110 U.S.-Cuba flights a day. It is more than five times the current number. All flights operating between the two countries today are charters.". This means that being able to enter be the airline that will carry the people to Cuba and to the U.S. is a very expensive position and you will make more money by flying the people back and forth.

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