New, rarely seen whale spotted in Pacific
New, rarely seen whale spotted in Pacific This undated illustration provided by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Southwest Fisheries Science Center shows a species of beaked whale. (Uko Gorter/Natural History Illustration/NOAA via AP/AP Photo/Mark Thiessen, File)
New, rarely seen whale spotted in Pacific
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Genetic tests confirm that a mysterious, unnamed species of beaked whale only rarely seen alive by Japanese fishermen roams the northern Pacific Ocean. This is according to newly published research.
 
The black whales have bulbous heads and beaks like porpoises. They are not dwarf varieties of more common Baird's beaked whales. The Baird's beaked whale is a slate-gray animal.
 
Japanese researchers sampled three black beaked whales. They washed up on the north coast of Hokkaido. It is the country's most northern island. The researchers wrote about them in a 2013 paper. The challenge to confirm the existence of the new animal was finding enough specimens from a wider area for testing and matching genetic samples. That is according to Phillip Morin. He is a National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) research molecular biologist.
 
He and his team uncovered five other whales. All were found in Alaska. They matched the species found in Japan.
 
"Clearly this species is very rare and reminds us how much we have to learn about the ocean and even some of its largest inhabitants," he said in an announcement.
 
The largest beaked whale varieties can reach 40 feet. It can spend up to 90 minutes underwater. They hunt for squid in deep water. They are hard to research. This is because they may spend only a few minutes at the surface, Morin said by phone. They rarely breach, travel in small numbers and blend into their surroundings.
 
Japanese fishermen reported occasionally seeing a smaller, black beaked whale. They called it "karasu." It is the Japanese word for raven. They also called it "kuru tsuchi," black Baird's beaked whale.
 
The Japanese researchers in 2013 were limited in declaring that they had found a new species. That is because their three samples were from one location, said Morin. He works at NOAA's Southwest Fisheries Research Center. It is in San Diego.
 
"My first idea was to go to our collection, where we have the largest collection of cetacean samples in the world," he said.
 
In a paper published in the journal Marine Mammal Science, Morin and fellow authors describe analyzing 178 beaked whale specimens from around the Pacific Rim. They found five that matched with the Japanese whales.
 
The oldest was a skull in the Smithsonian Institution. It was recovered from the Aleutians in 1948 and formerly thought to be a Baird's beaked whale. Another specimen discovered in Alaska was in the collection of the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History.
 
The Southwest Fisheries Science Center had tissue from a whale found floating in the Bering Sea. It also had tissue from a black beaked whale stranded on Unalaska Island in the Aleutians in 2004. Local teachers and students had photographed and measured the animal. Its skeleton was put on display at Unalaska High School.
 
The most recent was a 24-foot, adult specimen that washed up in 2014 on St. George Island, in the Bering Sea. Residents notified Michelle Ridgeway, a marine ecologist with Oceanus Alaska, who documented the animal.
 
"We knew it was not any whale we knew from our area," Ridgway said in the announcement.
 
Little is known about the range of the new species. But the St. George Island whale gives a clue. The whale had scars from cookie-cutter sharks. Those sharks live in tropical waters and bite flesh from larger creatures, like a cookie cutter out of dough.
 
Japanese researchers are in the formal process of "describing" the species, Morin said. That will include giving the whale a Latin and common name and formally defining its measurements and how it differs from other beaked whales.

Source URL: https://www.tweentribune.com/article/tween56/new-rarely-seen-whale-spotted-pacific/

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
How do these whales blend into their surroundings?
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COMMENTS (21)
  • giavannac-orv
    8/26/2016 - 11:41 a.m.

    They hunt in dark water ,so they are rarely seen because their skin is black.

  • hayleel-ste
    9/14/2016 - 01:51 p.m.

    These whales are rarely seen because they hunt for their food at night, they are dark colored and blend in. Whales are huge animals and they probably swim deeper down in the ocean, keeping to themselves. Just my opinion whales are pretty cool but there are all reasons to not being seen before.

  • hannag-bla
    9/15/2016 - 08:30 a.m.

    How the whales blend into their surroundings is they are first a solid gray color. Since they are closer to the bottom of the sea floor, not many humans can see them from below and it is hard to see them from above since they blend in. They are close to the sea floor is because the food that they eat are squid and Giant Squid live in the lower part of the ocean. They also come up for air only for a few minutes and hold their breath for and hour and a half. So even if we do see them, we will not see them for long.

  • maeveh-pav
    9/16/2016 - 10:43 a.m.

    It is so cool that they found a new kind of whale!! I can't believe that it is only 40 feet long!

  • cbail-wim4
    9/16/2016 - 11:53 a.m.

    It's amazing that they found a new whale! There must be hundreds of others.

  • skylerhyatt-bak
    9/21/2016 - 03:19 p.m.

    what are they going to name the whales?

  • chloeo-stu
    9/26/2016 - 12:58 p.m.

    I love learning about new animals. I thought we found every species of whale. But why are they just now showing up?

  • alext-stu
    9/30/2016 - 09:24 a.m.

    These new species of sea animals freaks me out because sea life is scary to me. I hope this animal isnt gonna be dangerous.

  • caydinb-stu
    10/06/2016 - 03:30 p.m.

    they do it by waiting a wile and what hapens is that they will be covered in barnicales and barnicles is part of the ocean so it whould be prety much camoflage.

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