Native American art will now be part of the Met's American Wing
Where should Native American art be displayed? It’s a controversial question. It has dogged the Metropolitan Museum. The museum is in New York. Its answer, historically, has been to place it in a wing with other indigenous art. The art is from other places. These places include Africa and Oceania. It also includes the Americas. But that’s about to change. ArtNet’s Sarah Cascone reports that nearly 100 newly donated works will be added into the museum’s American Wing instead.
The move marks the first time Native American art will be displayed alongside artworks by those of European descent in the American Wing. The decision was made when Charles and Valerie Diker donated 91 pieces of art. The art is from various places and periods. They donated it to the Met. The Dikers own one of the country’s largest and most important private collections of Native American art.
The museum says that the new pieces will be displayed alongside 20 other previous donations by the Dikers. And there will be a ”major exhibition.” It will be in 2018. This is according to a press release.
The Dikers have long advocated for museums to consider Native American art alongside other American masterpieces. Such masterpieces include those of Rothko and Miro. The Dikers collect their work, too. That's what The New York Times’ Grace Glueck wrote in 2004.
For years, art by Native Americans wasn’t typically included in art museums. Pieces were selected for their ethnological merits. They were not selected for their aesthetic merits. So they were shown in natural history museums.
“When Native American, Pacific, and African art and artifact is lumped in with natural history exhibits, it sends a message that these groups are a part of the “natural” world.” That's according to Katherine Abu Hadal. She writes for Indian Country Today.
“That the art they produce is somehow less cultured and developed than the western art canon. It also sends the message that they are historical. It says they are an element of the romantic past. But in reality these peoples are alive and well. They have many traditions intact. And new traditions happening all the time.”
Even when Native American art is displayed in art museums, it is often segregated into its own section. That is instead of being integrated with other American works.
Many museum collections don’t include much historic or contemporary art from Native Americans at all. Sylvia Yount is the Metropolitan Museum curator in charge of the museum’s American Wing. She tells The New York Times’ Randy Kennedy that visitors from other countries often wonder why Native American art is absent from the wing.
“They go through and expect to see Native American work here. Because often where they come from, indigenous art is part of the narrative of a nation’s art, in a way that it’s not in the United States. We’re really behind the curve.”
The museum states that acquiring more Native American art is a top priority. Will the move prompt other museums to think about the context in which they display art? Perhaps. But even if it doesn’t, the chance to view Native American art in the American Wing at a major museum will make an impact.