Muhammad Ali, and why he mattered In this Feb. 18, 1964, file photo, boxer Muhammad Ali, or Cassius Clay at the time, beats his chest in triumph after toppling Britain's Beatles at his training camp in Miami Beach, Fla. The Beatles, left to right: Paul McCartney; John Lennon; George Harrison and Ringo Starr, were on Holiday in the resort after their American tour. (AP Photo/File/Michael Probst)
Muhammad Ali, and why he mattered
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The Beatles' first visit to the United States was in 1964. Clever publicity agents arranged a meeting for the band with Cassius Clay. He was training for the bout that would make him heavyweight boxing champion. The result was a memorable photo of a whooping Clay, standing astride four "knockout victims."  Clay, of course, later changed his name. He became Muhammad Ali.
 
The Beatles and Ali were two emerging cultural forces beginning their path to global fame.
 
But as popular as the Beatles became, it was Ali who went on to become the most recognized person in the world. That picture was among the first to show him growing into that persona. He would take his place alongside the major cultural, political and entertainment figures of the era. Ali died June 3 at age 74.
 
For a generation that came of age in the 1960s and 1970s, Ali was far more than a boxer. His identity blended boundaries. He was an entertainer. He was a man at the center of swirling political and cultural change. He was a hero -- and a villain -- to many for his brash self-assuredness. 
 
"Part of Muhammad's greatness was his ability to be different things to different people," retired basketball star Kareem Abdul-Jabbar wrote on Facebook.
 
"To sports fans he was an unparalleled champion of the world, faster and smarter than any heavyweight before. To athletes, he was a model of physical perfection and shrewd business acumen. To the anti-establishment youth of the 1960s, he was a defiant voice against the Vietnam War and the draft. To the Muslim community, he was a pious pioneer testing America's purported religious tolerance. To the African-American community, he was a black man who faced overwhelming bigotry the way he faced every opponent in the ring: fearlessly."
 
The stoic generation that had fought World War II returned home to raise children who became defined by rebelliousness, impatience and an unwillingness to accept things the way they were. Few people embodied that spirit quite like Ali.
 
To his job, he brought a joy and brutal efficiency. Ali didn't just beat opponents. He predicted which round he'd deliver the whuppin'. He spouted poetry while mugging for the camera.
 
Ali talked trash before the phrase was even invented. "This might shock and amaze ya, but I'm going to destroy Joe Frazier," he said. Much of it was good-natured, although his battles with Frazier later became ugly and personal.
 
Ali wasn't simply a loudmouth. He delivered on the promises. He was like Michael Jordan became in another era. Ali was an athlete whose excellence could be appreciated by close and casual followers of his sport. But even Jordan, at the height of his fame, couldn't reach the profile that Ali did.
 
Outside the ring, the court fight over Ali's refusal to fight in the Vietnam War cost him three years at the peak of his career. But it earned him respect among the growing number of people turning against the war. His conversion to Islam, with his abandonment of the birth name Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr., tested the deepness of Americans' support for religious freedom.
 
It all made Ali the subject of countless arguments. Everyone took sides when Ali returned from his suspension for refusing to join the military. Whether or not you rooted for Ali often had little to do with boxing.
 
And think of it. When's the last time you argued with anyone about a heavyweight championship boxing match?
 
Ali became one of the most recognizable people on Earth.
 
"One of the reasons the civil rights movement went forward was that black people were able to overcome their fear," HBO host Bryant Gumbel told Ali biographer Thomas Hauser. "And I honestly believe that, for many black Americans, that came from watching Muhammad Ali. He simply refused to be afraid. And being that way, he gave other people courage."
 
Ali's transcendent force -- his comic bravado, physical beauty and insistence on being the master of his own story -- made him the athlete most favored by singers, intellectuals, filmmakers and other artists and entertainers. He socialized with Sam Cooke, Norman Mailer and George Plimpton. Ali's verbal sparring with sportscaster Howard Cosell helped make the latter's career. When Ali traveled to Zaire in 1974 for his "Rumble in the Jungle" against George Foreman, he was joined by James Brown, B.B. King, Miriam Makeba and other top musicians.
 
His legacy is captured in songs and prose that span decades. Author David Maraniss wrote about Ali in "Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World."  Maraniss called him a "gift to writers because he offered so many themes. Bravery. Pride. Humor. Blackness. Universality.
 
"He was complex and contradictory yet simple and clear in what he said and what he represented," Maraniss told the AP.
 
Ali's fight against Foreman, and the odd conditions under which it was fought, became the subject of an Oscar-winning documentary. It was titled, "When We Were Kings." In 2001, actor Will Smith starred in a Hollywood story of the boxer's life, "Ali."
 
Ali inspired songs from around the world. John Lennon borrowed Ali's "I'm the Greatest" catchphrase. The Beatle used it for a song that he gave to Ringo Starr. The 1977 biopic "The Greatest" was soon forgotten. But not the theme song later immortalized by Whitney Houston, "The Greatest Love of All." Rappers Jay Z, Kanye West, Nas, Common and Will Smith referenced Ali in their lyrics.
 
Parkinson's disease quieted the man himself in his later years. The reception given to a halting Ali as he lit the Olympic torch in Atlanta in 1996 made it clear he had made the transition from a polarizing to a beloved figure.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
How did Muhammad Ali transcend sports?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (76)
  • erino-6-bar
    6/09/2016 - 03:25 p.m.

    Muhammad Ali transcended sports because he represented great things in many different groups. To most,"he was and unparalleled champion of the world, faster and smarter than any heavyweight before." Athletes saw him as physical perfection and a what they wanted to be. In addition, "he was a defiant voice against the Vietnam War and the draft." He was also a prominent figure in multiple minorities striving for tolerance and equality. To Muslims, he was known as "a pious pioneer testing America's purported religious tolerance. To the African-American community, he was a black man who faced overwhelming bigotry the way he faced every opponent in the ring: fearlessly." He had done many amazing thing both inside and outside of the sports world which made him well-known and respected on a global scale.

    I think that Muhammad Ali was an amazing man and did what seems like it would be impossible.

  • colek-1-bar
    6/09/2016 - 07:33 p.m.

    Muhammad Ali transcended sports by doing other activities that could appeal to many of his fans. Ali was known for "his comic bravado, physical beauty and insistence on being the master of his own story -- made him the athlete most favored by singers, intellectuals, filmmakers and other artists and entertainers." (paragraph 16). By having all these talents and characteristics, Muhammad Ali was favored by the people who specialized in such talents. He was then well known by comedians, was on frequent talk shows, and was known for his constant trash talking. That is how Muhammad Ali transcended sports. I thought this article was interesting and found that Muhammad Ali trashed talked before it was a "thing" surprising.

  • tylerd-kut
    6/09/2016 - 08:08 p.m.

    What percentage of the people where on his side

  • Eric0221-YYCA
    6/09/2016 - 09:05 p.m.

    Muhammad Ali had been able to meet the Beatles in 1964 which people had been able to meet him as a boxer in which he even had been able to light the torch of the 1996 Summer Olympics in America. The people had been able to take Ali's side when he had been refusing to join the military which people would always like to take his side on arguments and suspense about something. Muhammad Ali might have been able to be be lighting the torch of the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta which people had been able to know him for lighting the torch of the 1996 Summer Olympics.
    Critical Thinking Question: How did Muhammad Ali transcend sports?
    Answer: I know that Muhammad transcend sports by getting himself to be starting the 1996 Summer Olympics by lighting the torch in Atlanta.

  • johnd-3-bar
    6/09/2016 - 11:34 p.m.

    Muhammad Ali transcended sports by always being an underdog. personality. Ali "insistence on being the master of his own story ." This quote talks about how he wrote his own story." Ali won evan wen he faced uncermountible odds. He was constantly David, always facing an even bigger, stronger, and faster Goliath. This made him fun to watch. everyone like an underdog story and he had many. I liked this article, Muhammad Ali was my favorite boxer because he used his fame to support civil rights and ending the war. He was a good man.

  • adamp-3-bar
    6/10/2016 - 12:51 a.m.

    Muhammed Ali transcended above sports because of his political opinions that he kept part of him and voiced publicly. This article says, "Outside the ring, the court fight over Ali's refusal to fight in the Vietnam War cost him three years at the peak of his career. But it earned him respect among the growing number of people turning against the war. His conversion to Islam, with his abandonment of the birth name Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr., tested the deepness of Americans' support for religious freedom." This quote explains that Ali was in clearly-stated opposition to the Vietnam war, which is an unpopular position among the high-class boxing audience. This is mainly because the Vietnam War was an anti-capitalist war. This quote also states that Ali changed his first name to go along with his religion, which is of course a bold statement. In conclusion, Ali transcended sports because of his activism. In my opinion, it is very sad the Muhammed Ali died.

  • noahf-3-bar
    6/10/2016 - 01:27 a.m.

    Muhammad Ali transcended sports because he was much more than just a boxer, he was an activist and looked up to by many different people. Infact one of the reasons he was able to transcend sports was that he was able to inspire many different people, whether it be sport fans or giving black americans the courage to overcome bigotry. Muhammad Ali was able to bring awareness to many different issues in the United States from religious freedom, racism and war time drafts.

  • grantm-2-bar
    6/10/2016 - 01:33 a.m.

    Muhammed Ali transcended sports because he was Muslim and every fight he fought fearlessly. Ali also fought while opposing the war and draft. Muhammed Ali was 74 years old when he died. He was at the top of his boxing career when he retired. That is how Ali transcended sports.

  • danielas-qui
    6/10/2016 - 01:22 p.m.

    Muhammed Ali was an amazing man who not only fought in the ring but fought for what he belived in he changed boxing and we will always remember him for that R.I.P

  • treshawnb-qui
    6/10/2016 - 01:35 p.m.

    people will remember is death he was a hero and a villain a entertainer a boxer he was fast smart and better than rocky balboua this is his quote. float like a butterfly sting like a bee. float like water and rumble rumble.

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