Minnesota, Poland and Argentina compete to host World's Fair In this June 9, 2017, file photo, world leaders, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, center, pose for a photo with others as they attend the opening ceremony of the Astana Expo 2017 exhibition in Astana, Kazakstan. (Mikhail Metzel/Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP, File/Victorgrigas/Wiki Commons)
Minnesota, Poland and Argentina compete to host World's Fair
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Minnesota is hoping to host the first World's Fair on U.S. soil in nearly 40 years. But it will have to overcome many bids. One is from Poland's third-largest city, Lodz. And it is challenged by the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires. That is where a winner will be selected in the coming days.

World's Fairs have introduced several landmarks. Those include the Eiffel Tower, Space Needle and Ferris Wheel. But they have lost some of their cultural relevance in an age of globalization and cheap air travel. World's Fairs are now called World Expos. They are the largest events held every five years and as specialized expos for smaller ones in other years. The events still draw millions of visitors. They allow hosts to show off.

The Bureau of International Expositions will choose the site of the 2022 or 2023 specialized expo on Wednesday in Paris. Minnesota's theme is health and wellness. Lodz's theme is the reinvention of cities. Buenos Aires' highlights creative industries in the digital era.

Here's a closer look:

WHAT ARE EXPOS?

Expos are global events aimed at "educating the public, sharing innovations, promoting progress and fostering cooperation." That's according to the BIE. They're meant to bring the world together to find solutions to some fundamental challenge of humanity. Visitors tour pavilions where participating countries and organizations showcase their contributions on the theme. Experts and diplomats attend conferences on the sidelines.

Six-month-long world expos are held every five years. There are also smaller, three-month "specialized expos" on specific themes that fall in between. World leaders often visit. This is what the BIE is currently considering. 

"Expos remind us that there is much more that binds us together than separates us." That's according to Jim Core. He is director of the international exhibitions unit at the U.S. State Department.

Many Americans have lost sight of how big these events are. That's because the U.S. hasn't hosted one since New Orleans did so in 1984. But the Milan World Expo in 2015 drew around 20 million visitors. This summer's specialized expo on Future Energy was in Astana, Kazakhstan. It drew 4 million people. The 2020 Dubai World Expo is expected to draw about 25 million. That's according to BIE.

HEALTHY MINNESOTA.

Minnesota has proposed a specialized expo for 2023. It's theme is "Healthy People, Healthy Planet." It would trade on the state's reputation as a center of innovation and excellence in health and wellness. That's according to Mark Ritchie. He is the former Minnesota Secretary of State. He is the leader of the bid committee. Minnesota is home to world-class health care institutions. These include the Mayo Clinic, medical device makers such as Medtronic, and insurers such as UnitedHealth.

The site would be near the Mall of America. It is one of the country's biggest shopping centers. It is located in the Minneapolis suburb of Bloomington. The committee projects that it will draw around 12 million visitors. This includes nearly 220,000 international visitors. This would produce a total impact on the local economy of $1.5 billion.

The State Department is vigorously lobbying on Minnesota's behalf. It is a bigger diplomatic effort than Poland's or Argentina's, Ritchie said. It has hosted events in Washington, Paris and other cities. Its embassies and consulates around the world are promoting the bid. It also brought foreign ambassadors to Minnesota. Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan will be in Paris to cast the U.S. vote.

The U.S. left the Bureau of International Expositions in 2001 as congressional interest waned following the end of the Cold War, said Matthew Asada. He is the State Department's expo program officer. But President Donald Trump signed a bill in May. He wants the "U.S. Wants to Compete for a World Expo Act.” He wants to rejoin and put the U.S. back in the game.

REVITALIZED POLAND.

The bid theme of the central Polish city of Lodz for 2022 is "City Re: Invented" and focuses the revitalization of post-industrial cities. The city's expo website says the event would kick-start a second wave of modernization and share Poland's expertise in "urban regeneration" with the rest of the world.

"Lodz is writing an extraordinary story of how to successfully combat a permanent social and infrastructural crisis," the website states. The city expects about 8 million visitors.

Lodz is Poland's third-largest city. It is an hour away from the capital Warsaw. It became a thriving industrial city in the 19th century. It lost momentum after communist rule ended in 1989. The demise of its big textile plants fueled unemployment and decay. But the city says it has undergone a rebirth lately. This includes the restoration of many of the inner city's richly decorated tenement houses from the late 1800s and revitalization around the main railroad station.

CREATIVE ARGENTINA.

Buenos Aires has offered a 2023 expo on "Creative Industries in Digital Convergence." If approved, it would be the first expo in Latin America under the auspices of the BIE. It began operations in 1931. Several were held in Latin America before then, though.

"It will be a celebration of human creativity, in which no one should be left out," Argentine government minister Gabriela Ricardes said last month in a presentation to the Organization of American States.

Buenos Aires expects over 6 million visitors, including 250,000 international tourists. "They will be able to discover the latest innovations in the technological industries, the newest proposals from the world of creativity, and multimedia, artistic, scientific and technological content from Argentina and the participating countries," its expo website says.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why would any city or country want to host a world’s fair?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (38)
  • 24alangston
    11/28/2017 - 09:45 a.m.

    They would host hit so they can money for it.they would host it so they can make the people happy.they would do it so they can bid on it to tell the other city or country they are the boss.

  • 24jperryman
    11/28/2017 - 09:47 a.m.

    Would Minnesota be a good place to live?

  • 24mmattson
    11/28/2017 - 09:49 a.m.

    Because A Country or City could use some help. and everybody would love and people could join. It would be good for city or Country but I bet it would be difficult for everyone to get that set up.

  • 24costrander
    11/28/2017 - 09:50 a.m.

    A country or a city would want to host a world fair because they bring the world together. Also they are suppose to draw a lot of people to their city or country. It also would make their country or city healthy.

  • 24gsoderman
    11/28/2017 - 09:51 a.m.

    The host are tring to get income.And are getting more people to move to that place.I think the USA shod have their chance.

  • 24kfarnes
    11/28/2017 - 09:54 a.m.

    A country or a city might want to host a world fair because then that country or city will be able to help others. The country or city would be able to educate the public and find solutions to any fundamental struggles. They could also introduce new monuments.

  • 24iaper
    11/28/2017 - 09:58 a.m.

    It will help the community.

  • 24mborn
    11/28/2017 - 09:59 a.m.

    It well help the state and the communities bring in tourists.

  • 24mconstantino
    11/28/2017 - 10:00 a.m.

    i have read the artical

  • jazminew-orv
    11/30/2017 - 02:45 p.m.

    I really hope minnesota will host the worlds fair because i will be able to go to it.

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