Mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Arctic
Mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Arctic Volunteer Sergey Gorbunov works at the excavation site of a mammoth carcass in northern Russia's Siberia region near the Kara Sea. (Alexei Tikhonov/Pitulko et al./Science via AP)
Mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Arctic
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The remains of a mammoth that was hunted down about 45,000 years ago have revealed the earliest known evidence of humans in the Arctic.
 
Marks on the bones, found in far northern Russia, indicate the creature was hunted. The tip of a tusk was damaged in a way that suggests human activity. That was perhaps to make ivory tools.
 
With a minimal age estimate of 45,000 years, the discovery extends the record of human presence in the Arctic by at least about 5,000 years.
 
The site of the find is in Siberia, near the Kara Sea. It is also by far the northernmost sign of human presence in Eurasia before 40,000 years ago. This is according to Vladimir Pitulko. He works for the Russian Academy of Science in St. Petersburg. Pitulko and co-authors reported the discovery in a paper released by the journal Science.
 
They also briefly report evidence of human hunting at about the same time from a wolf bone found well to the east. That suggests a widespread occupation. But the population was probably sparse, they said.
 
Daniel Fisher is a mammoth expert at the University of Michigan. He did not participate in the study. He said the markings on the mammoth bone strongly indicate human hunting. And, it makes sense to conclude that the hunters were from our own species rather than Neanderthals. That was an email comment from John Hoffecker of the University of Colorado at Boulder.
 
Robert Park is an archaeologist at the University of Waterloo in Canada. He has studied the bones of hunted animals in the far north. Park called the evidence for human hunting "pretty marginal." The beast had been found with remains of its fat hump. Hunters would be expected to take the fat for food and fuel, he said. And the skeleton shows far less butchering than one would expect, he said.
 
Park emphasized he's not ruling out the idea that the mammoth was hunted.
 
If people were living this far north that long ago, he said, it implies they had not only the technical abilities to carry out mammoth hunts, but also a social organization. It would have been complex enough to share the food from the relatively rare kills.

Source URL: https://www.tweentribune.com/article/tween56/mammoth-bones-show-evidence-prehistoric-humans-arctic/

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
How do the mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Arctic?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (174)
  • jennaw-1-bar
    1/21/2016 - 10:35 p.m.

    Mammoth bones prove that there were prehistoric humans in the arctic because they would have marks of butcher. they would have places where the humans took out the meat or were they ripped off the skin or where they killed the animal. The bones also indicate that there were humans. The humans would leave indications on the woolly mammoth bones which would show that they were hunted. Something that surprised me about this article was how their husband human how their has been humans for that far back

  • nicholasl-2-bar
    1/21/2016 - 10:36 p.m.

    Mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in the Arctic because of the markings on its tusks. In the article, it says,"The tip of a tusk was damaged in a way that suggests human activity." Also, it says,"He said the markings on the mammoth bone strongly indicate human hunting." These quotes mean that the tusks of the mammoth show evidence of human activity.
    I like this article because it says how they discovered something new. I was surprised that humans lived in the Arctic for that long.

  • jasminec-6-bar
    1/21/2016 - 11:13 p.m.

    The mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in the arctic because, "The tip of a tusk was damaged in a way that suggests human activity," the tusk was thought to be tampered with by humans to make ivory tools. The mammoth was also found with " the remains of it's fat hump," which is something that is sparking contronversy between whether or not humans were actually in the Arctic at that point in time, because the hunters would have "been expected to take the fat for food and fuel," so it is a bit strange to find any remnants of the mammoth besides some bones and maybe a tiny amount of hair.
    I found this article to be very interesting because I think that it is amazing how we can be taught one thing and then the very next day, or week, or month, someone can find evidence the contradicts everything that we have been taught.

  • oliviam-6-bar
    1/21/2016 - 11:27 p.m.

    These ancient arctic bones of a mammoth in Russia show that people have lived in these areas of Russia about "at least about 5,000 years."(3)

    Robert Park, an archeologist at University of Waterloo in Canada says "If people were living this far north that long ago, he said, it implies they had not only the technical abilities to carry out mammoth hunts, but also a social organization. It would have been complex enough to share the food from the relatively rare kills."(9)

  • Eric0221-YYCA
    1/21/2016 - 11:54 p.m.

    The mammoth bones might have been able to show evidence of prehistoric humans in the arctic because scientists might have know about how the prehistoric people had lived in the arctic on the DNA that tells them about what was like back then. The scientists might have been able to get the data of how people had lived in the arctic during the prehistoric times where people once came on earth. The prehistoric people might have made scientists to be able to know what have been like during the prehistoric times where people might have been known after the dinosaurs died off. Scientists might have been able to know about the first people that had came on to the earth after the age of dinosaurs had died off for the people to be able to live on.
    Critical Thinking Question: How do the mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Arctic?
    Answer: By looking at the DNA that had been left over after the mammoth had died and scientists are able to look at the DNA to find out about the evidence of prehistoric human.

  • jacks-6-bar
    1/22/2016 - 12:04 a.m.

    The mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in the Arctic because the bear signs of them. The article states: "Marks on the bones, found in far northern Russia, indicate the creature was hunted. The tip of a tusk was damaged in a way that suggests human activity. That was perhaps to make ivory tools." The statements indicate clear signs of that the mammoth was hunted, which obviously could only be done with humans. Humans would need the ivory if they indeed built tools, since, the article claims, more evidence of hunting was found around the mammoth site. They of course needed tools to search and kill the animals if the evidence proves correct. This supports the fact that the tusks could've been only done by humans (also the article said they were even extracted and/or pillaged as a human would do). Also the markings on the other bones, showing specific wounds, indicates human work, only them having the knowledge to be so precise.

    I thought the article was intriguing, and informative. It was interesting to learn there were humans as far back as mammoths who where maybe sophisticated enough to hunt food so precisely. If the evidence is actually true, I'd be surprised how humans could live in such a cold place as the Arctic, having no proper clothing, just, maybe, animal skins or cloths as I'd imagine.

  • kaleal-2-bar
    1/22/2016 - 12:07 a.m.

    The mammoth bones show prehistoric human life in the Arctic because "markings on the mammoth bone indicate human activity", according to the article. This interests me because the past is always something one should know about and understand.

  • sofiat-4-bar
    1/22/2016 - 12:54 a.m.

    The mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Arctic. This discovery extends the record of humans in the artic by about 5000 years we have slight proof of humans because "Marks on the bones, found in far northern Russia, indicate the creature was hunted. The tip of a tusk was damaged in a way that suggests human activity. That was perhaps to make ivory tools." They do not have definate proof but they are still working on theier theory.
    I think this is interesting because inorder for them to have been alive then they would have had to have a very well orginized society.

  • lilyr-4-bar
    1/22/2016 - 03:45 a.m.

    The mammoth bones show evidence of prehistoric humans in Artic by having marks on them that look like damage. (This could come from hunting/eating the mammoths or making tools out of the bones.) This is shown where it says, "Marks on the bones... indicate the creature was hunted." I found this article interesting because I didn't know humans might even be able to exist that early.

  • dremonieb-wes
    1/22/2016 - 09:03 a.m.

    Mammoth bones shows evidence of prehistoric human in the artic because marks on the bones indicate that the creature was hunted. That shows that humans hunted those mammoth in the prehistoric time.

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