Lincoln to Thai king: Thanks but no thanks for the elephants
Lincoln to Thai king: Thanks but no thanks for the elephants In this March 22, 2018, photo, the U.S. Ambassador to Thailand Glynn Davies talks to media in front of hand-written letters from U.S. President Abraham Lincoln and Thailand king Mongkut on display at the exhibition titled "Great and Good Friends," inside Grand Palace in Bangkok, Thailand. (AP Photo/Sakchai Lalit/Neil Ransom/Wiki Commons)
Lincoln to Thai king: Thanks but no thanks for the elephants
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The elephant is Thailand's national animal. So it's only natural that King Mongkut in 1861 offered to send a pair to the United States. They were meant as a gift of the friendship between the two countries.

Abraham Lincoln was president at the time. He was likely bemused and relieved at the distraction from America's then-raging Civil War. But he politely declined. He said his country uses the steam engine, so it would have no use for the working animals.

The U.S. Embassy in Bangkok is showcasing historic gifts the two countries have exchanged on the grounds of Thailand's Grand Palace. This is part of the 200th anniversary celebrating the long-lasting relationship between the two countries.

There are documents spanning two centuries. The showcase includes the first-ever official letter sent between the two countries in 1818. It was sent from a Thai diplomat to President James Monroe. Also included are some spectacular Thai objects d'art and portraits.

Then there's the elephants story. It is documented among the exhibits.

In his 1861 letters, Mongkut offered the elephants after learning they were not native to America. He also sent along three gifts. These included a sword and scabbard. It also included a photograph of the king with one of his daughters, and an impressive pair of elephant tusks.

He addressed the letters to then-President James Buchanan "or whomever would become president" with elaborate paragraph-long salutations.

Lincoln was already president by the time the letters arrived a year later. He penned a reply and addressed the king simply as "Great and Good Friend."

The offer of elephants did not neglect practical details. Mongkut stated, "On this account, we desire to procure and send elephants to be let loose to increase and multiply in the continent of America." 

Thailand was called Siam then. It did not have a large enough vessel to transport them, the letter said.

It continued: "In reference to this opinion of ours if the President of the United States and Congress who conjointly with him rule the country see fit to approve, let them provide a large vessel. It should be loaded with hay and other food suitable for elephants on the voyage. It should have tanks holding a sufficiency of fresh water. And it should be arranged with stalls so that the elephants can both stand and lie down in the ship. And it should be sent to us to receive the elephants. We on our part will procure young male and female elephants and forward them one or two pairs at a time."

Mongkut then in his letter directs that the elephants should be kept away from the cold and under the sun. The letter also stated to "let them with all haste be turned out to run wild in some jungle suitable for them not confining them any length of time."

"If these means can be done we trust that the elephants will propagate their species hereafter in the continent of America," the letter said.

Thai monarchy expert Tongthong Chandransu said the offer of elephants reveals that Mongkut wanted to be part of building the young United States.

"You have to consider that 200 years ago, elephants were an important means of transportation and helped a lot with our work, not to mention warfare, but also the building of homes and cities," Tongthong said.

The ever-practical Lincoln rejected the offer to send wild elephants running through American forests, saying the country "does not reach a latitude so low as to favor the multiplication of the elephant." He said in his 1862 letter that "steam on land, as well as on water, has been our best and most efficient agent of transportation in internal commerce."

The exhibition runs until June 30.

Source URL: https://www.tweentribune.com/article/tween56/lincoln-thai-king-thanks-no-thanks-elephants/

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
What do you think it would be like if elephants roamed forests in the United States? Do you think they would survive? Why or why not?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (88)
  • 26nrcart
    5/03/2018 - 10:28 a.m.

    If elephants roamed the forests they wouldn't survive because they don't have what it takes to survive they can't get there food in the forest as easy they would get killed by a lot of animals

  • 26jrhaas
    5/03/2018 - 10:33 a.m.

    I don't think they would in the northern part of the United States because it can get highly cold. But they could possibly thrive in Flordia's forests because it's warmer and the conditions for food that they eat are better there. So yes in general elephants could live in the U.S

  • 26alcham
    5/03/2018 - 10:36 a.m.

    i don't think they could live in the united states, because of the different weather. In the united states the food is different and the animals are different too. In some places of the world there is snow so they can't live there ether.

  • 26klpetr
    5/03/2018 - 10:36 a.m.

    It would be very bad for the environment because they trample everything.They also rip apart trees with their tusks. I don't think they would survive because they don't have all the food they had in their native home. And they wouldn't be used to it. Also if they lived in the northern forests it would be way to cold fro them to survive.

  • Sophia-E2
    5/03/2018 - 10:53 a.m.

    In 1861 King Mongkut the king of Thailand gave USA a gift. In USA the president at the time was Abe Lincoln. King Mongkut wanted the gift to be a bond of friendship between the two countries. Abe was happy that there was a distraction from USA's Civil war but he said that his country used steam engines and would not use working animals.
    Later it was found out that one of King Mongkut's gifts to USA were elephants. He gave other gifts like a sword with a scabbard, a picture of him and his daughter, and big elephant tusks. King Mongkut wanted to let loose elephants so that America could have a great population of them. Then in 1862 Abe turned down the offer of elephants and said that steam engines were much more efficient to USA.

  • EsmeraldaV-del
    5/03/2018 - 07:12 p.m.

    Abraham Lincoln was president when he was given the chance to receive elephants. He believed we didn’t need elephants because they weren’t going to be laboring animals who worked and helped. He believed we didn’t need them.

  • ReesePratt-del
    5/06/2018 - 01:32 p.m.

    No I do not think they will survive. They will get killed.

  • Demariusp-orv
    5/07/2018 - 11:02 a.m.

    I think that if elephants came to American forests that it would mess up our current food chain in the forests. I think they may survive. We don't really have any predators for elephants here.

  • jeremyj-orv
    5/07/2018 - 02:30 p.m.

    I Think it would be amazing if elephants could roam the forest, they are such beautiful beings, they deserve to roam free, and it would look super cool to see them compared to they trees because they are huge!

  • brycew-orv
    5/07/2018 - 07:27 p.m.

    Probably not

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