German restorer Christian Eckmann examines the beard of the golden mask of the famed King Tutankhamun. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
King Tut's mask back on display after botched repair fixed
January 04, 2016
Assign to Google Classroom
Egypt has put the famed golden burial mask of King Tutankhamun back on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The relic was repaired following a failed attempt to reattach the mask's beard with epoxy.
In August 2014, the beard was accidentally knocked off during work on the relic's lightening. Afterwards, workers hastily tried to reattach it with epoxy. That caused damage to the priceless artifact. It stirred an uproar among archaeologists.
A German-Egyptian team began restoration work on the mask in October. Egypt's Antiquities Minister Mamdouh el-Damaty said the reattachment came after studies explored the best materials to use for the work.
"We indeed found them to be the natural materials which the ancient Egyptian used. They are still the best tools: beeswax," el-Damaty told reporters in Cairo on Dec. 16. "It was prepared well. And the beard was attached very successfully."
Christian Eckmann is the lead restoration specialist. He said removing the mask, which took two weeks, "was done exclusively by mechanical means."
"We used wooden tools, spatulas, other wooden instruments. In addition, we slightly warmed up the adhesive," he said.
The 3,300-year-old pharaonic mask was discovered in Tutankhamun's tomb along with other artifacts by British archeologists in 1922. It sparked worldwide interest in archaeology and ancient Egypt.
The mask is arguably the best-known piece in the museum. The facility is one of Cairo's main tourist sites. The museum was built in 1902. It houses ancient Egyptian artifacts and mummies.
Lately, King Tut has been at the focus of new archaeology and media buzz. This came after British Egyptologist Nicholas Reeves theorized that Tutankhamun, who died at the age of 19, may have been rushed into an outer chamber of what was originally Queen Nefertiti's tomb.
Famed for her beauty, Nefertiti was the subject of a famous 3,300-year-old bust. Her tomb was never found. Reeves guesses that it could lie in a hidden chamber behind King Tut's tomb. The tomb is in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor.
Assigned 227 times
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why might King Tut have been rushed into someone else’s tomb?
Write your answers in the comments section below