How cool new words are added to American Sign Language (Turbo/Corbis)
How cool new words are added to American Sign Language
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Languages change. They must. For example, even stickler grammarians have to admit that "impact" has gained popularity as a verb. Even if it’s still annoying to some. The Oxford Dictionaries are always adding words. Last year duckface was added. Also added were lolcat and five-second rule. As evidenced by that list, the internet is a cauldron of word evolution. And like all other languages, American Sign Language has to incorporate the phrases and terms that spring from it.

A story at Hopes&Fears explores exactly how ASL is incorporating all these internet-y words. Turns out, change happens pretty much like it does in any other language. New signs crop up. They are shared and debated. Some catch on. Eventually, dictionaries reflect the language change. The difference is that ASL doesn’t have one official dictionary. This makes the whole process a little more organic.

Bill Vicars is hard of hearing and culturally Deaf. He owns a company called Lifeprint. It offers an ASL dictionary online. There is a host of resources online to share signs. He told Hopes&Fears:

“First, I do a ‘literature review.’ I compare numerous respected sign language dictionaries and textbooks to see how the sign is demonstrated in those dictionaries. Occasionally, the dictionaries conflict with each other but eventually a dominant sign tends to emerge.” 

“After doing a thorough review of the literature it is time to interview a cross section of Deaf adults who have extensive experience signing. I make it a goal to ask a minimum of ten advanced Deaf signers how ‘they’ do it. The next stage of investigating a sign is to consider how the sign is done in other locations and decide which version is more widely used. The last stage is to post the sign online to my website where it is exposed to the scrutiny of thousands of individuals. Many of whom then email me and tell me their version is better.”

But not everyone in the Deaf community uses Lifeprint. ASL artist, actor and educator Douglas Ridloff learns new signs through different means. "We see various signs until one emerges as the agreed upon sign by a collaboration of the community," he explains. 

But still, it requires discussion until one sign emerges as the best. Sometimes consensus takes a while. 

Ridloff and one of his students, 12-year old Tully Stelzer, showed Hopes&Fears the signs they use for some of the new words. The list includes duckface. It also includes emoji and screencap. Both Tully and Ridloff have different signs they use, but the similarities are easy to pick out.

For example, their signs for "selfie" are rather intuitive. In the discussion, Doug tells Tully: 

“My sign for selfie was a little bit different than yours. I did it by pushing the button on the camera, but our concepts are almost the same. It felt easy because it's almost like following common sense of what we do organically.”

Once you've seen the sign for selfie, it's easy - even if you're not familiar with ASL. You can catch "Mary" use a similar sign in this YouTube video. She tells the story of a photographer who leaned close to a squirrel for selfie, only to be jumped by the animal.

But other signs are still being sorted out. Doug wrote to Hopes&Fears that after showing his sign for "photobomb" to other members of the Deaf community:

“It was deemed awkward because 'photobomb' is technically an action with several different possibilities," he wrote. 

"ASL is non-linear - a sign can incorporate several dimensions. Temporal, spatial and numeral. For example, if a person is photobombing a crowd of people, this would require a different sign as opposed to a person photobombing another individual. This person also could photobomb within the foreground or in the background, which again would impact how the sign is executed.” 

“This also brings to question who the subject is. The person being photobombed, the photobomber or the photographer. The other challenge with the sign I presented is the fact that it involves too many moving parts at the same time, a violation of the grammatical rules of ASL. This is an example of how the democratic Deaf community breathes life into signs. My point is this: the sign I presented during the shoot at Hopes&Fears is only the beginning of a dialogue of an actual sign. In time, there will be a wholly accepted sign for the word photobomb.”

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why might some new signs catch on, while others do not?
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COMMENTS (43)
  • jordanw-orv
    9/18/2017 - 02:50 p.m.

    hi
    \

  • BaileyG-erl
    9/19/2017 - 03:17 p.m.

    Why did they add Duckface to the dictionary? When people still fight about the word aint !

  • Neveahh-orv
    9/20/2017 - 11:24 a.m.

    i think that it is really good that we actually have new words added to are language and that it is cool and fun because sometimes we need to learn more languages in are life or in are year and it is fun to learn new things every day many people learn new things

  • ionicaj-cel
    9/21/2017 - 11:48 a.m.

    I feel like this is a great concept whether a lot of deaf people use the words or not. This is an example of how our world and languages are forever evolving and changes. Also, if everyone decided to use sign language as a way of breaking the language barrier, this would also be very helpful and cool. This makes me wonder who even makes up new sign language words.

  • kirshaunm-orv
    9/25/2017 - 09:03 p.m.

    This article was very cool,it was exciting to see that they are adding more signs to American sign language just like they add different words to the dictionary every year.

  • Senaew-eic
    9/28/2017 - 09:49 a.m.

    I think ASL is cool and I want to learn it its nice that they are adding words

  • RaeAnns-eic
    9/28/2017 - 09:58 a.m.

    I personally think that it must be hard to learn a new sign every time there is a new word.

  • Raimak-eic
    9/28/2017 - 10:03 a.m.

    Oh, that's really sweet and cool of them to make new sign language. Deaf and blind people will be accepted. If I were deaf and took a selfie to post on Instagram i'd feel like a normal person. But I'm not deaf so I really have no idea what it would feel like. This was a really cool passage I'm glad I read it!

  • Karleighd-eic
    9/28/2017 - 10:31 a.m.

    Thanks now I know how new words were created in ASL . I cant wait to try to talk to some friends and see if they know I'm saying!

  • Hadleye-eic
    9/28/2017 - 12:10 p.m.

    This was a really moving passage.I wonder how many other words you can add?

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