Historian retells tale of rare Lincoln photo
It's one of the most famous Abraham Lincoln photographs. That's because no one knew the picture of the president existed until nearly a century later when a 14-year-old boy found it.
Now Ronald Rietveld, the boy who made the discovery, who is now a retired historian, will donate his original notes about the picture to the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, Illinois.
The photo marks one of the last chapters of a story that began in April 1865. It was just days after Lincoln was assassinated in Washington. On a stop in New York City, one of a number of places where Lincoln's remains were displayed while being taken by train to Springfield for burial, a photographer was allowed to take a picture of the president in an open coffin.
Lincoln's secretary of war, Edwin M. Stanton, apparently heard about the photograph. He ordered it and all prints and negatives destroyed. All were, except for one sent to Stanton.
Rietveld enters the story in the early 1950s. As a teenager fascinated with Lincoln, he attended the dedication of a collection of Lincoln-related items at the University of Iowa.
Harry Pratt, the state historian of Illinois and a Lincoln scholar, was so impressed with Rietveld that he invited him to Springfield to see the 16th president's home and tomb. Pratt also let Rietveld look through papers of John Nicolay and John Hay. They were White House secretaries when Lincoln was president.
Rietveld came upon an envelope sent to Nicolay in 1887 by Stanton's son. The son explained that he'd found some of his father's papers and thought Nicolay might want them.
"Then I opened up the folded sheet of plain stationery and there lay a faded brown photograph," Rietveld wrote in an article that appeared in Abraham Lincoln Online.
At first he didn't believe what he was seeing.
"My first reaction was, 'This can't be' because I knew Lincoln photography well enough to know there were no photographs of Lincoln in the coffin. There were no such pictures, period," Rietveld, now 77, said last week.
Pratt told Rietveld to keep quiet about the photo until he could determine its authenticity. Rietveld returned home to Iowa where he didn't say a word to anyone, including his mother.
On the morning of Sept. 14, 1952, his mother shook him awake. His grandfather had just called. A picture of Lincoln was all over the front page of the Des Moines newspaper, with Rietveld's name front and center.
"She wanted to know what I had done wrong," said Rietveld, chuckling at the memory. "I told her I didn't do anything wrong, I'd found the photograph during the summer in Springfield. The AP (Associated Press) had put my name all over the country."
Critical thinking challenge: Why was Lincoln taken to Springfield, Illinois for burial?