Ski boots worn by the Arctic Sami people of northern Norway. ( Don Hurlbert)
Culture and climate change in the Arctic
October 27, 2015
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It's hard to believe that people have been living in the Arctic for 40,000 years. How can people survive in such a harsh environment? And what would prompt them to stay?
Anthropologists who study Arctic cultures have discovered that it's quite a hospitable place for those who figure out how to get by. Hundreds of cultures have occupied the Arctic over time. These communities have adapted to life on the ice. They invented a variety of ways to get around and find the resources they need. Skis, dogsleds, reindeer, kayaks, and snowmobiles have helped Arctic people connect with each other and the natural resources.
Natural resources that sustain Arctic life include huge numbers of marine mammals. They include bowhead whales and ringed seals and massive herds of land animals such as caribou. An Arctic mammal offers a full set of essential supplies. From clothing to food to cooking oils, plus bones to make tools or boat frames.
Both people and the wildlife they depend on are closely connected to Arctic conditions. Small changes in temperature lead to large changes in sea ice. The temperatures spur migrations and adaptations of animals and people. For thousands of years, Arctic people have been adjusting to seasonal variations and longer-term climate changes.
Find out more about how people in the Arctic adapt to changing conditions. Join us on Thursday, Nov. 5, 2015, for a Smithsonian Science How live webcast. It is titled Culture and Climate Change in the Arctic and airs at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. EST on the Q?rius website. Archaeologist Dr. Bill Fitzhugh from the National Museum of Natural History will appear live to discuss and answer questions. Get teaching resources to support your webcast experience.
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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Anthropologists who study Arctic cultures have discovered that it is quite a hospitable place for those who figure out how to get by. But that doesn't answer this question: What motivates them to stay?
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