Climate change affects maple syrup producers
Climate change affects maple syrup producers Parker's Maple Barn employee Kyle Gay pours maple tree sap into a larger bucket, Tuesday, Feb. 21, 2017, in Brookline, N.H. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola)
Climate change affects maple syrup producers
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New Hampshire's maple syrup producers say they are feeling the impact of climate change. Winters have become warmer. The frigid nights that are so critical to their business have become fewer.
Producers joined climate experts and Democratic U.S. Sen. Maggie Hassan of New Hampshire to talk about the state's changing climate. And, how it is affecting one of the state's most important industries.
Some producers talked of seeing a steep drop in the amounts of sap they are getting. Others are dealing with another trend attributed to warmer temperatures. That is where the sap goes up to the top of the trees rather than down to taps. Others complained about a drop in the sugar content of their sap.
"When I purchased the farm in 2000, "I was getting 75 gallons of sap," said Ray LaRoche of LaRoche Farm in Durham. "With the environmental changes we've been seeing, it's down to 15 gallons. That's a dramatic loss for us. And I don't know what to do about it."
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania and Vermont produced 3.78 million gallons of syrup in 2016. That is according to a Northeast maple syrup production statistics service. The service is run by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Vermont is the clear leader. The state produced more than 47 percent of the country's maple syrup.
Sen. Hassan said the state's changing climate can have dramatic effects on the natural resources that "define us as a state and are critical to our economy, our environment, and our way of life in New Hampshire."
"Unfortunately, we are already seeing the real impacts of climate change on our economy - including on our maple syrup and ski industries," she said, referring to warmer winters and a decline in snow cover.
The ideal temperatures for sap production are in the 20s at night and 30s and 40s during the day. When the climate is in the 50s and 60s during the day and the nights stay warm, sap does not run down to the taps. Instead, it runs to the tops of the trees. It causes the tree to bloom. That can lead to a cloudy and off-tasting product.
"The other day we had a nice 50-degree day, which is kind of the new normal but still not normal," said Jeff Moore of Windswept farm. "One of the challenges we've had to start weighing is when do we actually tap because putting a tap into a tree is a wound, the trees naturally act to try to compartmentalize that wound and wall it off."
The longer the tap has been exposed to the environment, the sooner the tree is going to wall it off, Moore said.
"When I was growing up," he added, "you didn't want to tap too early. If you tapped too early you'd miss all of the good weather at the end of the season, when most of your sap is running. So that gets a little more challenging now."
But despite the challenges, some producers and experts say technological fixes are helping the industry adapt - and even extend the season.
"Climate change is man-made. And that's the good news," said Cameron Wake, who leads a research program at the University of New Hampshire. It is investigating regional climate change. "Because if we caused the problem, we can fix the problem."

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Why can't growers compensate for change in climate?
Write your answers in the comments section below

  • Nikolaij
    3/09/2017 - 08:35 a.m.

    because it getting cold

  • jacquelynt-
    3/09/2017 - 08:39 a.m.

    So if this keeps happening someday in the future maple syrup just won't be there? But i really like syrup.

  • quazhyerr-
    3/09/2017 - 01:03 p.m.


  • jacklynt-ste
    3/10/2017 - 01:40 p.m.

    I think this is kind of strange, but only because it is something I have never heard of before. This could essentially concern all of us. Imagine not having syrup on your pancakes in the morning, disgusting!

  • cesars-
    3/13/2017 - 08:42 a.m.

    Growers can't compensate for the change in climate because there is about 3.78 million syrup in the each state that has syrup trees.

  • kennethh1-bur
    3/13/2017 - 10:54 a.m.

    They cannot change the climate because changing the climate is a global effort.You would have to stop using cars that use carbon. My family helped with the global warming by carpooling. It is the only thing we can do to stop Global Warming...

  • ethanc1-bur
    3/13/2017 - 12:39 p.m.

    Growers cannot compensate for a change in climate because it changes the way or time they have to get the sap. It would be difficult to get sap from the tree when you cant get a lot. I would definitely become annoyed.

  • cheyanneh-hug
    3/13/2017 - 02:11 p.m.

    I think that this was a good story because we are learning about climate change in science and I think kids should learn about the proces of things like this.

  • xavierg-bur
    3/14/2017 - 10:05 p.m.

    Growers can't compensate for a climate change. That's like saying you want to change a structure of a building but it's already built. You can do something about it but it's not really going to change or, it's going to take a really long time. In science class we learned that we can decrease climate change but it's impossible to stop it.

  • shaylap-bur
    3/15/2017 - 08:33 a.m.

    Growers can't compensate because the climate change is a global effect. If you change the climate, the rest of the world will have drastic temperature issues.

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