Australian firefighters "happy to help" in Northwest
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The mountainous conditions in the Pacific Northwest will be nothing new for dozens of firefighters from Australia and New Zealand. They have arrived to help battle the many blazes burning unchecked in the region.
"We are used to tall timber and steep territory," said Warren Heslip. He is a 47-year-old firefighter from Southland, New Zealand.
Heslip was among the 71 firefighters from the southern region who picked up equipment at the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho. Then they headed out to help a ground campaign led by firefighters from across the West and supported by U.S. soldiers.
The flames claimed the lives of three firefighters in Washington. The flames injured four others and burned 200 homes and also inspired an outpouring of volunteers. They were invited for the first time in Washington state history to help battle the blazes.
This summer's fire response across the West has been overcome by destructive blazes. The fires have torn through the tinder-dry region.
The biggest fire as of Aug. 24 was in Washington's Okanogan County. The county is on the Canadian border. A group of five fires raging out of control became the largest in state history. The fires burned more than 400 square miles. That is according to spokesman Rick Isaacson.
Lightning-sparked fires broke the state record. They exceeded the blazes that destroyed more than 300 homes in the same county last year.
"I'd like to set some different records," Okanogan County Sheriff Frank Rogers said.
The U.S. is in the midst of one of its worst fire seasons on record. Some 11,600 square miles have been burned so far. It is only the sixth-worst going back to 1960. But it is the most acreage burned by this date in a decade. So the ranking is sure to rise.
So many fires are burning in Washington that managers are taking extreme measures. They called on help from abroad and 200 U.S. troops from a base in Tacoma were the first such use of active-duty soldiers in nine years.
Jim Whittington is a Bureau of Land Management spokesman in Portland, Oregon. He said military assets cannot be used against wildfires until all civilian resources are deployed.
Active duty military personnel have been mobilized to serve as wild land firefighters a total of 35 times since 1987. The last time was in 2006.
Since then, it has not been necessary to ask for military assistance, Forest Service officials said.
Nearly 4,000 volunteers also answered the state's call for help. It was far more than will be accepted, said state Department of Natural Resources spokesman Joe Smillie.
The state is looking for former firefighters or heavy equipment operators. The hope is that they can bulldoze fire lines to corral the blazes. That would keep them from spreading in mountainous, timber-covered areas. So far, about 200 people with the right experience have been cleared to work.
The dozens of firefighters from Australia and New Zealand were being outfitted to fill a critical shortage of mid-level fire managers. Those include equipment bosses, strike team leaders and supervisors.
The Southern Hemisphere nations have been partners with the U.S. for more than 50 years. Australia and New Zealand are able to lend firefighters because the severest parts of their fire seasons occur at opposite times of the year. The last time the U.S. asked for their help was 2008. Fifty firefighters arrived. The U.S. sent firefighters abroad in 2007.
Costs for the international firefighters will be paid by the agency they are assigned to, officials said. No cost estimate was yet available.
Chris Arnol is an international liaison for Australia and New Zealand firefighters. In Boise, he said that the firefighters were ready to assist.
"We understand how tough it is for you guys and we are happy to help," he said.
Simon Martin is a 40-year-old firefighter from Collie, Australia. He agreed.
"I am sure there are a lot of fatigued firefighters out there," he said.
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why are firefighters coming from as far as New Zealand to fight these fires?
Write your answers in the comments section below