Who invented earmuffs? In this December 2015 photo, Ronald Greenwood a great-grandson of earmuff inventor Chester Greenwood, models a pair of original ear protectors in his barn in Farmington, Maine. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)
Who invented earmuffs?
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Earmuffs have come a long way in 142 years.
 
Chester Greenwood was a 15-year-old bestowed with generous ears when he decided he had had enough of the biting cold while ice skating in 1873. The first earmuffs were then born, fashioned from farm wire with fur sewn on them by his grandmother.
 
Greenwood made improvements with a steel band and adjustable hinges and sold hundreds of thousands of "Champion Ear Protectors."
 
These days, similar versions are still sold. Others wrap around the back of the neck, eliminating mussed hair, and there are versions with fleece, fur and down, while some even have built-in ear buds for music.
 
It's worth celebrating, so Greenwood's hometown of Farmington, Maine, is doing just that, as it has for nearly 40 years, with a parade in which residents proudly wear earmuffs.
 
"How many other little towns can celebrate earmuffs? Seriously," said Nancy Porter, author of the self-published "Chester: More Than Earmuffs."
 
While Greenwood is forever linked to his signature invention, he also created other things. By some accounts, he came up with more than 100 contraptions, but he received patents for only five of them. In addition to his ear protectors, he patented a rake, an advertising matchbox, a tea kettle and a device designed to drill holes in the ends of wooden spools, Porter said.
 
"He was of the Yankee ingenuity breed," Porter said.
 
He also was a businessman who ran a bicycle shop, built a plumbing and heating business and created a local telephone company. His earmuff factory closed a few years after his death in 1937.
 
The legacy of the dapper-dressed inventor faded over the years. But it was revived when the Maine Legislature declared Chester Greenwood Day on the first day of winter in 1977.
 
Fittingly, the first parade was held in a snowstorm and a snowplow led the parade to clear a path, while students from the University of Maine at Farmington participated on skis.
 
"It was snowing and people were on the street just the same, both sides, (and) the parade turned out pretty good," said 75-year-old Ronald Greenwood, Chester Greenwood's great-grandson.
 
These days, the event is held on the first Saturday in December and all parade participants incorporate earmuffs in their floats. Afterward, an earmuff flag is raised at the courthouse, many take a chilly dip on Clearwater Lake and the town Christmas tree is lighted.
 
In years past, there was a faux lockup where youngsters caught without earmuffs would be jailed, Ronald Greenwood said, but organizers aren't going that far during this year's festivities.
 
Afterward, many folks will put their earmuffs into storage, and Ronald Greenwood, a locksmith and building contractor, said earmuffs don't work so well for him.
 
Porter said she had a fleece hat with ear flaps that she prefers. "I have an original pair of Chesters," Porter said. "I wear them on Chester Greenwood Day."

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
What necessity was the mother of this invention?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (69)
  • peytond.-tay
    12/15/2015 - 12:27 p.m.

    This is cool I've actually thought of where ear muffs come from

  • kassadyw.-tay
    12/15/2015 - 12:31 p.m.

    Ears

  • deaconp.-tay
    12/16/2015 - 12:18 p.m.

    My ears always get really cold so thank you Mr. Chester Greenwood!

  • kailynh.-tay
    12/16/2015 - 12:52 p.m.

    I personally love earmuffs because you're able to design them these days which makes them more 'valued.'

  • maddisonp.-tay
    12/16/2015 - 03:01 p.m.

    The necessity of this invention was an idea to keep ears warm.

  • braydenr.-tay
    12/16/2015 - 03:17 p.m.

    To keep someone's ears warm

    • dawsonh.-tay
      12/17/2015 - 01:54 p.m.

      I beileve its toes.

  • madisonb.-tay
    12/16/2015 - 03:21 p.m.

    Everyone was had enough of the freezing cold temps. With their ears so he mad the ear muffs to stop that problem

  • dallinp.-tay
    12/17/2015 - 12:06 p.m.

    Cold and tender ears were the necessity of this invention.

  • madisons.-tay
    12/17/2015 - 12:28 p.m.

    The neccesity of this invention was really cold ears.

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