U.S. Navy agrees to cut whales a break Kurt Gross of the U.S. Navy works in the Command in Control room during an active sonar exercise on board the USS Howard off the coast of Hawaii. (AP Photo/Hugh E. Gentry)
U.S. Navy agrees to cut whales a break
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The Navy has agreed to limit its use of sonar and other training that inadvertently harms whales, dolphins and other marine mammals off Hawaii and California.
 
A centerpiece of the agreement with environmental groups, signed by a federal judge in Honolulu, includes limits or bans on mid-frequency active sonar and explosives in specified areas around the Hawaiian Islands and Southern California, Earthjustice attorney David Henkin said. But some of the training will continue.
 
Sonar at a great distance can disrupt feeding and communication of marine mammals, and it can cause deafness or death at a closer distance, Henkin said. Four dolphins died in 2011 in San Diego when they got too close to an explosives training exercise, he said.
 
The Navy's plans estimate it could inadvertently kill 155 whales and dolphins off Hawaii and Southern California, mostly from explosives. It estimated it could cause more than 11,000 serious injuries off the East Coast and 2,000 off Hawaii and Southern California.
 
Lt. Cmdr. Matt Knight, a Pacific Fleet spokesman, said the settlement preserves key testing and training.
 
"Recognizing our environmental responsibilities, the Navy has been, and will continue to be, good environmental stewards as we prepare for and conduct missions in support of our national security," Knight said.
 
Under the agreement, the Navy cannot use sonar in Southern California habitat for beaked whales between Santa Catalina Island and San Nicolas Island. Sonar is also not allowed in blue whale feeding areas near San Diego, according to environmental groups.
 
In Hawaii, the deal prohibits sonar and explosives training on the eastern side of the Big Island and north of Molokai and Maui. The groups said that will protect Hawaiian monk seals and small populations of toothed whales, including the endangered false killer whale.
 
The Navy also won't be able to exceed a set number of major training exercises in the channel between Maui and the Big Island and on the western side of the Big Island.
 
"The goal of the settlement is to try to reduce as much as we can through an agreement with the Navy," Henkin said. "By establishing some safe havens ... the hope is to bring down those estimated numbers of injury and death."
 
The agreement also says that if there are injuries or deaths, there will be a swift review by the National Marine Fisheries Service, which approved the Navy's plans, Henkin said.
 
The settlement comes after Earthjustice and other environmental groups sued in 2013, challenging the fisheries service's decision to allow the training. Additional environmental groups later filed a similar lawsuit in San Francisco. The two cases were consolidated in Hawaii, and the deal resolves both.
 
U.S. District Court Judge Susan Oki Mollway ruled in March that the fisheries service violated environmental laws when it approved the Navy's plans. The military branch, she said, also failed to take a hard look at alternatives such as training in different areas or at different times to avoid potentially harming dolphins, whales and other species.
 
After the ruling, the Navy "faced the real possibility that the court would stop critically important training and testing," said the Pacific Fleet's Knight.
 
The ruling set the stage for settlement talks, Henkin said. But it didn't stop the Navy from continuing with training allowed by the service's five-year permit approved in 2013.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why are both whales and Navy training important?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (93)
  • wendells-rei
    9/21/2015 - 03:51 p.m.

    Both whales and navy trainings are important because whales play a key role in the ecosystem. Whales eat small fish that would be over populated if whales did not eat them. Navy trainings are important because without them we wouldn't have a navy, which protects our country.

  • miriamr-nar
    9/22/2015 - 05:39 p.m.

    this was very shocking to me and surprising.

  • mariaha-nar
    9/22/2015 - 06:10 p.m.

    I think that having a navy is awesome because who could protect the animals and also whales are important because they improve our wild life.

  • davidc-nar
    9/22/2015 - 06:56 p.m.

    I think that explosives should be tested in the pacific trash patch because no sea life lives there and it is huge so the radiation will stay inside of the garbage. The whales are also important because they clean our waters of plankton and bacteria.

  • jamesh-nar
    9/22/2015 - 07:43 p.m.

    I can't understand how they plan to do their work effectively without sonar.

  • jamesh-nar
    9/22/2015 - 07:45 p.m.

    I can't understand how they plan to do their work effectively without sonar. Especially since they can't track things in the water without it. Although I am glad that they didn't hurt as many as they could have.

  • patrickd-nar
    9/22/2015 - 08:22 p.m.

    Both are important since whales have a vital role to play in the environment by eating krill a small food no one eats except for the whale.Navy training improves the strength of the navy in order to prevent a random attack.

  • alic-nar
    9/22/2015 - 08:45 p.m.

    Wow

  • alic-nar
    9/22/2015 - 08:47 p.m.

    All I have to say I'm speechless I'm speechless I can't believe they want to cut back the whales:)))))))))

  • jamart-nar
    9/22/2015 - 09:13 p.m.

    Whales are important because they help the ecosystem by eat all the plankton.

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