Music reduces pet stress in shelters
Music reduces pet stress in shelters Pamela Fisher and her best friend, Lili pose in a field of flowers in Canton, Ohio. (Dr. Pamela Fisher via AP/Thinkstock)
Music reduces pet stress in shelters
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Can music tame the savage beast? Can it hush puppies and calm kitties?
A veterinarian thinks so. Dr. Pamela Fisher has put music in over 1,100 animal shelters, saying that it calms dogs and cats and even cuts down on barking.
Fisher started the nonprofit Rescue Animal MP3 Project nearly four years ago by asking artists around the world to donate dog- and cat-friendly music. The result was MP3 players packed with 30 hours of classics, including music by Beethoven, Mozart and Chopin, nursery rhymes like "Three Blind Mice" and harps, pianos and violins mimicking ocean waves and gentle breezes. She gives them free to animal shelters, sanctuaries and spay-and-neuter clinics.
"I have used therapeutic music in my practice and wanted to figure out a way to help the shelter animals in my own community," said Fisher, a holistic veterinarian whose practice in North Canton, Ohio, includes alternative approaches like aromatherapy. Her "community" has grown to include shelters in all 50 states that house over 115,000 dogs and cats.
One fan is Tina Gunther, vet tech at the Cut Bank Animal Shelter near Cut Bank, Montana, and its sole volunteer (there are no paid employees). Winter temperatures at the rural shelter for six dogs and six cats routinely run well below zero and "the wind blows nearly every day. We call them black blizzards - the top soil is just blown away," Gunther said.
To calm the animals, Gunther tried the radio. Besides hit-and-miss reception, the news and sports had people yelling and disturbing sound bites. Then the project MP3 player was installed for the dogs on one side. "The difference has been dramatic," she said.
She and her husband had to buy a second player for the cats. "When they play songs they like, they go and sit by the speakers," Gunther said.
No one has studied the impact of Fisher's specific music recipe. But others have looked at how music and noise in general affect animals. A 2012 Colorado State University study published in the Journal of Veterinary Behavior found that dogs were more likely to sleep and less likely to bark when Mozart, Beethoven and other classical artists were playing, but not when heavy metal, altered classical and other sounds were.
Fisher's website features many testimonials about the positive effects of her MP3 players, including a video from the Tuscarawas Humane Society in Dover, Ohio, that shows dogs relaxing and settling down after hearing the music. Tuscarawas shelter director Lindsey Lewis says on the video that the music has calmed the atmosphere and lowered the noise level.
A survey of more than 500 shelters conducted by Fisher also validated her approach, finding barking reduced by half and animals on average more relaxed.
"It just de-stresses them. They are still happy and wiggly, they just aren't barking," explained Tania Huycke-Phillips, the foster and facilities coordinator at Bay Area Humane Society in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
Beyond the music, the shelter staff does all it can to reduce stress for the dogs, including toys, treats, food and spending time with them. "Reducing stress shows off their personalities and they get adopted quicker," she said.
To buy the MP3 players, Fisher applies for grants, collects donations and holds fundraisers.
The music also helps relax staff members and that benefits the animals too, said Fisher, who grew up singing and playing folk music on the guitar.
The project brought Fisher a new best friend, but it took a look, not a sound, to seal the deal. She was installing the music system at Summit County Animal Control in Akron, Ohio, in 2012 when a mutt named "Lili stole my heart with her glance."

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Why does music seem to calm the animals?
Write your answers in the comments section below

  • aaroni-pay
    10/14/2015 - 10:57 a.m.

    Its obvious that music calms us all down and is a wonder that we started doing it only so soon ago. Caged animals need a stress relief and something to change the painful monotony of their lives. This is a great project and i feel that it can only do good for us and our four legged friends. :D

  • mirandaf-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:00 a.m.

    Music might calm the animals because it's meant to be pleasant and evoke a positive emotion from the listener. My only question is that, do the dogs have a preference for the type of music they like like people do?

  • dantaew-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:01 a.m.

    Music can alter moods easily. For example people listen to high energy music while working out, and listen to calmer music when going to sleep. So it would make sense that house pets would be no different.

  • jordanb-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:03 a.m.

    I do think music should be put in shelters so that barking and screeching is the first thing hear upon entering kennels and it could be soothing for humans too.

  • osajis-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:04 a.m.

    The article claims that classical music seems to calm the animals down. It just seems to reduce their stress levels and reduces their barking levels. It is also noted that it doesn't make them sleepy they are still happy and active, they are just calm.

  • sahqueenw-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:04 a.m.

    I think the music calms the animals down by sending a series of relaxing sound waves through their system which usually relieve stress in humans, so I suspect it would work for animals too.

  • ians-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:04 a.m.

    Music can have a calming effect, not just on humans, but according the article (above), on cats and dogs, too. This may be due to the calming and de-stressing properties of the soothing sounds. The music found to be helpful (from most to least effective) went from Classical to the minimal effect of Rock.

  • justinl-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:05 a.m.

    The music given to the animals was calm and soothing containing works of classical pieces of music. Therefore making animals act in a less stressful matter. Only classical music makes them calm though, rock and heavy metal does little to no effect.

  • matthewc-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:07 a.m.

    I think this is a great article. It was interesting. I would have liked to use this on my cat when he got playful or destructive.

  • robertc-pay
    10/14/2015 - 11:07 a.m.

    Can music tame the savage beast? I think yes because beast are like humans too. Humans listen to music when they are sad or lonely. Music helps people to calm themselves or help them think. I as a music lover I listen to music while I'm studying because music helps me to calm and relax my mind.

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