Iran plasters billboards with famous art Cars drive under a billboard showing copies of two paintings "The Son of Man" by the Belgian painter Ren Magritte, right, and a painting by late Iranian painter Sohrab Sepehri, over a highway in Tehran, Iran (AP photos)
Iran plasters billboards with famous art
Lexile

In an unusual move by Tehran's mayor, hundreds of copies of famous artworks both of world masters and Iranian artists were plastered on some 1,500 billboards across the city. It transformed the Iranian capital into a gigantic, open-air exhibition.

The 10-day project stirred both appreciation and criticism. But whether people liked it or not, the message was simple, according to Ehsun Fathipour.

"It says Iranians are art lovers, too," says the 57-year-old Tehran businessman.

There was plenty to look at from Claude Monet's iconic "Rouen Cathedral", Rembrandt's "Landscape with a Stone Bridge" and Mark Tansey's 1981 work, "The Innocent Eye Test", to the 18th century "Flowering Plants in Autumn", attributed to Japanese painter Ogata Korin. The exhibition ended May 15.

In a city of 9 million people, 200 copies of works by world masters vied for attention along with 500 works of Iranian artists, such as "Still Life" by Iranian painter Bahman Mohasses, which was in Tehran's Arjantin Square. In Jomhouri Street, just a few blocks from the office of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, known for his love of the arts, stood a copy of the 19th century "Indian Fisherman" by German Albert Bierstadt.

The copies beamed down from the city-owned billboards along key throughways, from overpasses and from main intersections and squares.

The project was the brainchild of Mayor Mohammad Bagher Qalibaf. He is a former Revolutionary Guard commander who twice lost his bid to become Iran's president, first in 2005 and then in the 2013 presidential election, when he came in second to Hassan Rouhani.

Qalibaf has built his reputation on a host of quality-of-life projects around Iran's capital, including parks, expanded subways lines and highways. But he also has faced accusations that he took part in crackdowns against student protesters before becoming mayor in 2005.

The Tehran municipality sponsored the exhibit, entitled "An Art Gallery the Size of the City," saying it wanted to bring art closer to the city's residents. It has had other unusual projects in the past. They include converting a prison, a garrison and a slaughter house into a museum and galleries.

Jamal Kamyab, who runs the Tehran Beautification Agency, affiliated with the municipality, said the aim was to "improve the artistic literacy of the citizens" and decorate public areas.

Tehran-based analyst Saeed Leilaz said the project was likely Qalibaf's attempt to re-vamp his hard-line image while also courting the middle class' support possibly for the next election.

Few among Iran's population of 80 million frequent galleries and museums, instead favoring shrines of religious figures and historical sites. From time to time, Iranian artists have also had their works banned, apparently for being deemed insulting to Islamic values.

In 2010, some 11 bronze statues of Iranian national heroes disappeared from Tehran's public parks. The statues were never recovered. At the time, officials said religious motives appeared to have been behind the theft and authorities canceled inauguration of more statues in the city.

Movie actor Behzad Farahani told art website Banifilm.ir he saw "at least 20 good artworks ... thanks to the billboards." Pop singer Ali Ashabi said he hoped the idea would be emulated in other cities and perhaps subway stations to "improve people's culture."

With a cartoon, the pro-reform Shargh daily suggested the figure in "The Scream" was horrified at Tehran's often gridlocked traffic.

But art critic Reza Simorgh, who writes for the sq72.com news website, says drivers saw the billboards for just a second or two and that the distraction could have been a traffic hazard.

"It's impossible to learn about sophisticated artwork while driving," he said.

Others criticized the low quality of the copies, saying the harsh sunlight on some of the billboards did the artworks an injustice.

Much of Iran's state-owned collection of priceless paintings by European greats such as Vincent Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro, as well as American 20th century icons like Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns and Jackson Pollock were acquired during the reign of U.S.-backed Shah Reza Pahlavi.

After the shah was overthrown by followers of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini during the 1979 Islamic Revolution, most of the art was locked up in the vaults of the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, only rarely emerging for brief public displays.

Critical thinking challenge: Why is Iran displaying copies instead of original artworks?

Assigned 7 times


COMMENTS (7)
  • IlissaDgreen
    5/19/2015 - 12:07 p.m.

    This is cool! Old art being showed again! This also neat so the artist might be known again! And teens our age really never see art unless its like a poster at school and we don't go to art shows and unless we take art we don't know artists, so I really like this!

  • cobys-Goo
    5/20/2015 - 08:39 a.m.

    Iran has put up around 200 pieces of art work around their city. The text states that the reason they put the art up was to increase the art literacy of the population. The text also states that the mayor has received a lot of criticism from putting up the artwork. Evidence from the text suggest that doing more stuff like this is going to help people instead of harming them.

  • zachc-Goo
    5/20/2015 - 10:46 a.m.

    they dont have there own or they want theres to look like that. the text states "In 2010, some 11 bronze statues of Iranian national heroes disappeared from Tehran's public parks. The statues were never recovered. At the time, officials said religious motives appeared to have been behind the theft and authorities canceled inauguration of more statues in the city.
    Movie actor Behzad Farahani told art website Banifilm.ir he saw "at least 20 good artworks ... thanks to the billboards." Pop singer Ali Ashabi said he hoped the idea would be emulated in other cities and perhaps subway stations to "improve people's culture." the text also states "But art critic Reza Simorgh, who writes for the sq72.com news website, says drivers saw the billboards for just a second or two and that the distraction could have been a traffic hazard."

  • TaylorHartman-Ste
    5/20/2015 - 01:19 p.m.

    I think that this is a great idea. I feel that putting art around the world is a great thing and is very influential to people. Art can easily brighten up anyone's day.

  • ShaniaWentz-Ste
    5/21/2015 - 09:30 p.m.

    This is actually a really neat way for art to be displayed. Not only would it fascinate people and make the country stand out, but it also increases awareness for the arts program. Now I'm not sure about Iran, but the US is losing more art programs everyday and it is really sad. I hope that this display helps people stop cutting art programs for our schools.

  • keeganr-Goo
    5/22/2015 - 09:45 a.m.

    To give Iran an open-air exhibition feel, and show that Iranians love art too. The text states that in a city of 9 million people, 200 copies of works by world masters vied for attention along with 500 works of Iranian artists, such as "Still Life" by Iranian painter Bahman Mohasses, which was in Tehran's Arjantin Square. The text also states Qalibaf has built his reputation on a host of quality-of-life projects around Iran's capital, including parks, expanded subways lines and highways. But he also has faced accusations that he took part in crackdowns against student protesters before becoming mayor in 2005. The evidence from the text illustrates why Iran is putting up pieces of artwork, and what the message is that they want to get across to other countries.

  • jonahh-Koc
    5/26/2015 - 01:49 a.m.

    The original art could be damaged. It would be pointless to put originals anyway becuase they would be too small. The artwork could also be stolen.

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