Denmark's earliest kings were also pirates A pirate ship anchored up in the harbor of Copenhagen. (Bente Jonsson/Flickr/Peter Carlsson/Etsa/Corbis)
Denmark's earliest kings were also pirates
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Sitting in thrones, brokering powerful alliances, engaging in pomp and circumstance, conducting pirate raids? One of these things may not seem like the others, but in fact all four were things that would have seemed familiar to Denmark’s earliest kings. As ScienceNordic’s Stine Rendrup Johansen reports — pirates actually founded Denmark.

Johansen writes that looting and piracy were the basis of the earliest Danish kings’ power. After all, the years between 800 and 1400 were the time of the Vikings. Medieval historian Thomas Heebøll-Holm tells Johansen that pirate raids weren’t just a method of robbing — they were also a means of “conventional warfare or revenge” for early Danish leaders.

“Essentially, Viking raids between 800 and 1000 CE funded the building of a Danish royal power,” Heebøll-Holm tells Johansen. Viking pirates used expeditions and pirate-approved methods to struggle for power, unite their own warriors and fund their ongoing activity, Johansen reports. In the future, Heebøll-Holm hopes to gain a better understanding of just how piracy affected things like laws and norms around the monarchy.

In case you’re still skeptical about the power of the pirate in days of yore, here’s a sobering description of the impact of Viking pirate raids. Stefan Eklöf Amirell and Leos Müller write that Viking pirates acted “as catalysts for political change and dislocation across Europe.” In ninth-century England, they write, “every kingdom but one was destroyed  and up to half the country was occupied by Viking forces.” The Kingdom of Frankia had it even worse, they write, with 14 percent of the entire economy surrendered to Vikings. “Whole regions are recorded as ‘laid waste’,” they write, “and thousands were killed and enslaved.”

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why do you think that Denmark's earliest kings chose piracy as a means to gain power?
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COMMENTS (3)
  • MegumiT-lam
    10/26/2018 - 08:47 a.m.

    Wow. I never thought that there were such things as Pirate Kings. I thought that the early kings of Denmark were just Vikings.

  • AndyY-lam
    10/26/2018 - 09:50 a.m.

    As veterans of a time of war unending, it only makes sense that the most powerful warriors become leaders. Therefore, the most lucrative fashion of retaining that power and gaining more wealth would be to do what warriors do best: fight, kill, and take the victim's things.

  • MarcoD-lam
    10/26/2018 - 02:28 p.m.

    This surprises me how such barbaric people at the time could become something of the royalty type.When people think of a king/queen they think of someone who is clean and covered in fancy cloths with noble men surrounding them.

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