Black History Month has a history President Donald Trump speaks during a meeting on African American History Month in the Roosevelt Room of the White House in Washington, Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2017. From left are, Omarosa Manigault, Trump, Housing and Urban Development Secretary-designate Ben Carson, and Lynne Patton. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
Black History Month has a history
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Like his predecessors, President Donald Trump commemorated Black History Month with an official proclamation, a gala and receptions at the White House to celebrate the contributions of the United States' black citizens.
 
"I'm proud to honor this heritage and will be honoring it more and more," Trump said Jan. 31 as he surrounded himself with African-American supporters and government officials invited to the White House for a listening session.
 
Black History Month is considered one of the nation's oldest organized history celebrations, and has been recognized by U.S. presidents for decades through proclamations and celebrations.
 
Here is some information about the history of Black History Month.
 
It was Carter G. Woodson, a founder of the Association for the Study of African American History, who first came up with the idea of the celebration that became Black History Month. Woodson, the son of recently freed Virginia slaves, who went on to earn a Ph.D. in history from Harvard, originally came up with the idea of Negro History Week to encourage black Americans to become more interested in their own history and heritage. Woodson worried that black children were not being taught about their ancestors' achievements in American schools in the early 1900s.
 
"If a race has no history, if it has no worthwhile tradition, it becomes a negligible factor in the thought of the world, and it stands in danger of being exterminated," Woodson said.
 
Woodson chose February for Negro History Week because it had the birthdays of President Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, and Douglass, a former slave who did not know his exact birthday, celebrated his on Feb. 14.
 
Daryl Michael Scott, a Howard University history professor and former ASAAH president, said Woodson chose that week because black Americans were already celebrating Lincoln's and Douglass's birthdays. With the help of black newspapers, he promoted that week as a time to focus on African-American history as part of the celebrations that were already ongoing.
 
The first Negro History Week was announced in February 1926.
 
"This was a community effort spearheaded by Woodson that built on tradition, and built on black institutional life and structures to create a new celebration that was a week long, and it took off like a rocket," Scott said.
 
Negro History Week was wildly successful, but Woodson felt it needed more.
 
Woodson's original idea for Negro History Week was for it to be a time for student showcases of the African-American history they learned the rest of the year, not as the only week black history would be discussed, Scott said. Woodson later advocated starting a Negro History Year, saying that during a school year "a subject that receives attention one week out of 36 will not mean much to anyone."
 
Individually several places, including West Virginia in the 1940s and Chicago in the 1960s, expanded the celebration into Negro History Month. The civil rights and Black Power movement advocated for an official shift from Black History Week to Black History Month, Scott said, and, in 1976, on the 50th anniversary of the beginning of Negro History Week, the Association for the Study of African American History made the shift to Black History Month.
 
Every president since Gerald R. Ford has issued a statement honoring the spirit of Black History Month.
 
Ford first honored Black History Week in 1975, calling the recognition "most appropriate," as the country developed "a healthy awareness on the part of all of us of achievements that have too long been obscured and unsung." The next year, in 1976, Ford issued the first Black History Month commemoration, saying with the celebration "we can seize the opportunity to honor the too-often neglected accomplishments of black Americans in every area of endeavor throughout our history."
 
President Jimmy Carter added in 1978 that the celebration "provides for all Americans a chance to rejoice and express pride in a heritage that adds so much to our way of life." President Ronald Reagan said in 1981 that "understanding the history of black Americans is a key to understanding the strength of our nation."
 
Trump issued a proclamation Feb. 2, declaring February as National African American History Month. The text names Katherine Johnson, a mathematician and one of three black women whose roles in the space race were featured in the recent film "Hidden Figures."

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why does Black History Month have a history?
Write your answers in the comments section below


COMMENTS (16)
  • maed-pla
    2/16/2017 - 12:08 a.m.

    This article is about the history behind Black History Month, including when and why it started. It began as a celebration week in 1926. Carter G. Woodson, the creator Association for the Study of African American History, noted that students were not properly learning the history of the African American race. He says that without the teachings of history and tradition of a race, it can become a "negligible factor in the world". In order to stay civically engaged, I believe one has to learn about the history of their society, even including learning and honoring a race that isn't theirs.

  • jacksonschwartz-dia
    2/16/2017 - 09:04 a.m.

    to respect all the african americans around the world.

  • savannaheath-dia
    2/16/2017 - 09:13 a.m.

    The blacks were not always treated right and known for what greatness the blacks have done within the United States.

  • jacindamichek-dia
    2/16/2017 - 09:15 a.m.

    Because there was achievements of African Americans that they were celebrating

  • haileylange-dia
    2/16/2017 - 09:17 a.m.

    Because it made a large impact and there is more to it than just a dream.

  • laurynhoy-dia
    2/16/2017 - 11:24 a.m.

    Because it's about the many roles that these people have made in this world.

  • monicas-ste
    2/16/2017 - 02:26 p.m.

    This is fascinating. This was a very interesting article. I would read more about this.

  • irisp-ste
    2/20/2017 - 08:40 a.m.

    Black History Month not only honors African Americans and recognizes their struggles and hard work to reach equality, integration, and success, but signifies the progress Americans have made in even bothering to observe a dark mark in the past that has become something to be celebrated. Years ago, a black history month would have been denounced.

  • zakrym-ste
    2/20/2017 - 10:01 a.m.

    Black History Month should not be singled out as a month. They should not have just one month designated to themselves. Black History month should not be talked about in just February, it should be talked about all 12 months of the year. This country would not be where it is at today without help from African Americans.

  • johannaw-cel
    2/20/2017 - 10:25 a.m.

    Black History Month is one of the oldest organized history celebrations in America and it has been recognized by US presidents for decades through proclamations and celebrations. The first president that recognized the Black History Month was Gerald R. Ford. Carter G. Woodson was the first one who came up with the idea of the celebration that became Black History Month. He chose February for Negro History Week because it had the birthdays of President Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass. Woodson wanted to teach children their history and said that if a race has no history it stands in danger of being exterminated. In my opinion this is true and paople have to learn about the history of their society and others. This year, Trump issued a proclamation on February 2nd that declares February as National African American History Month.

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