This image provided by Ocean Exploration Trust/Nautilus Live, shows the canopy of a Grumman Hellcat fighter aircraft seen in an aircraft elevator hatch on the sunken wreckage of the World War II-era aircraft carrier USS Independence, Tuesday, Aug. 23, 2016, located half a mile under the sea in the Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary off the coast near San Francisco, Calif. (Ocean Exploration Trust/Nautilus Live via AP)
Underwater expedition finds sunken warship
August 30, 2016
An underwater expedition along the California coast has revealed for the first time a sunken World War II-era aircraft carrier. It once was used in atomic tests in the Pacific.
The expedition was led by Robert Ballard. He is the famed oceanographer. The expedition captured the wreckage of the USS Independence. It was located half a mile under the sea. That is the area in the Greater Farallones National Marine Sanctuary. This is off the coast of California.
Scientists were aboard the ocean research ship Nautilus. It lowered two unmanned submersibles to the ocean floor. The scientists also found a Hellcat fighter plane, anti-aircraft guns, hatches and the ship's name on the hull.
"What's so wonderful about the wrecks in deeper water, like this ship . . . is that they are in amazing states of preservation," Ballard said. "There's very little change." The Navy scuttled the Independence in 1951.
"The deep sea is the largest museum on Earth," Ballard added.
Samples of marine life growing on the ship will be brought onboard the Nautilus. They will be tested for possible radioactivity. It would be left from the bomb tests. The samples also will be analyzed for the effects of climate change.
Scientists also plan to explore the wreckage of a historic steam yacht from 1886 and the freighter Dorothy Windermote. The exploration is part of the four-month expedition.
Earlier in August, the Nautilus team discovered a "googly eyed" stubby squid. They found it while combing the sea floor off the California coast. Video of the researchers delighting in the discovery became an Internet sensation. To watch round-the-clock video of the expedition, visit www.nautiluslive.org.
Assigned 140 times
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why was a plane found with the ship?
Write your answers in the comments section below