Sneak peek of new Smithsonian museum shows richness of black history
Lonnie Bunch leans forward. He peers inside a slave cabin. It is from Edisto Island, South Carolina. The dark and cramped interior defies his attempts to showcase the small living space its occupants lived in.
Bunch flips on a flashlight. It illuminates the craftsmanship, the hard work and the love that the cabin's former occupants put into what little they had.
It is the unification of the old and the new, and the use of modern techniques to explain the historical past. That is what the National Museum of African American History and Culture and Bunch are striving for when the newest Smithsonian museum opens. Bunch is the museum's founding director.
The museum will open on the National Mall this week. President Barack Obama will help dedicate the museum. That will be on Sept. 24.
Bunch is proud of the striking, dark brown angular museum. He sees its goal as helping all Americans understand and appreciate the rich cultural history of African-Americans. And to shine a light on the contributions and achievements of blacks to what the United States has become.
"This is an opportunity to take an amazing culture, and understand what it means to be an American through this lens," said Bunch. He spoke as he toured observers around a special sneak peek inside the building.
The museum is designed to take visitors through African-American history in the United States. Visitors can move from slavery, on the lower level, to a reproduction of Oprah Winfrey's television set upstairs. It includes artifacts from Obama's first presidential campaign. The slavery exhibits are in rooms with small cramped walls. These simulate slave ships. Also, there are pieces of an actual slave ship. It is the São José-Paquete de Africa. The ship wrecked off the coast of South Africa. It was carrying more than 400 enslaved people. They had been taken from Mozambique.
The slave cabin is from the Point of Pines Plantation on Edisto Island. It is one of the largest exhibits. The cabin was taken apart and put back together piece by piece inside the new museum. The names of the slaves who lived inside the cabin are unknown. But Bunch said the exhibit is a good way to help humanize the people who lived through slavery and to help explore the meaning of their lives.
Last month Bunch led a group of journalists around the museum. They walked around wires and exhibits. They were still under construction. Parliament Funkadelic's Mothership was completely covered. But its distinctive shape was instantly recognizable.
A Maya Angelou quote placard reads, "I am the dream and the hope of the slave." It sat on a table. It was waiting to be affixed to a wall. The placard will be there along with quotes from Obama, Nikki Giovanni and Black Lives Matter founder Alicia Garza.
There was even the playbill that announced Ira Aldridge as the first black man to play Shakespeare's Othello. This was in 1857 in England. The playbill was hidden behind brown paper on the wall. That was to keep it safe.
Some of the artifacts are very large. The museum had to be built around them. One is a 44-seat Southern Railway car. It is 90 years old. The railroad car will help explain Jim Crow laws in the South.
Another is a 20-foot-plus guard tower. It came from the Louisiana State Penitentiary prison. It is called "Angola" after the plantation that once stood in its stead. It helps to explore the use of policing and laws down South. These helped to keep newly freed blacks in bondage.
But history can be seen even from the shape of the museum, Bunch said. The bronze exterior of the building is actually a latticework. It is based on historic ironwork. It was created by African-American slaves and freedmen in the South. The exhibit fits into the goal of emphasizing the hidden history of African-Americans, Bunch said.
Our "goal was to craft a building that would help us remember the rich history of the African-American. So if you look at the building, it has wonderful angles. (They) are shaped both by West African material and women whose hands were at prayer at exactly that angle," Bunch said.
But history won't be static inside the museum, Bunch said.
For example, in the comedy exhibit right alongside quotes from famous black comedians such as Richard Pryor and Redd Foxx is a joke. It is from Bill Cosby. He was the first African-American to star in a dramatic show on network television. Now Cosby faces legal problems.
Bunch was questioned about the appropriateness of including Cosby. He said the museum will "tell the story of what Bill Cosby was, what his impact was and ... the fact that his legacy is now being questioned. That's it."
The museum will not stop collecting and curating items, Bunch said. It will strive to stay modern. The Oprah Winfrey Theater inside the building will host conferences on race and other issues, Bunch said.
And the museum itself is still changing. Michael Jordan gave a $5 million gift. The museum will name its historical sports "Game Changers" section the Michael Jordan Hall.
"African-American history did not stop with President Barack Obama's election. And so we won't stop there either," Bunch said. "There will be plenty for us to talk about in the future. And we're looking forward to helping Americans understand the contributions of African Americans to the rich tapestry of our culture."