School starting later for some high school students
More school districts around the U.S. are heeding the advice of scientists. The scientists have long said that expecting teens to show up to class before 8 a.m. isn't good for their health. Or for students' report cards.
The Seattle school board has voted to adopt an 8:45 a.m. start time. That will begin next year. It will be for all of its high schools and most middle schools. Seattle joins 70 districts across the nation that adopted a later start time.
The movement still has a long way to go. There are more than 24,000 U.S. high schools. Supporters expect that such decisions will be made more quickly. That is because people have mostly stopped debating the underlying science.
Supporters of later start times got a boost last year. The American Academy of Pediatrics said starting later is not a cure-all for teen health and academic problems. But it can improve students' lives in many other ways.
"Essentially, across the board, any domain that you look at improves pretty dramatically," said Dr. Judy Owens. She works at Boston Children's Hospital. She is author of the academy's policy statement on teen sleep. After the report, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also pushed for later bell times.
Research studies have been done on later start times. The later times help combat a lack of sleep in teens. They naturally fall asleep later than their parents would like. Later start times could improve academic success, attendance and mental health. Later times could also cut down on sleep-related car accidents.
"We are going to look back on this time period and wonder why it took so long," said Phyllis Payne. She represents a group called Start School Later. The organization helps parents groups advocate for later bell times. She said 49 new local groups have started. That has happened in the last three years.
The obstacles to change are mostly financial. St. Paul, Minnesota, public schools delayed the adoption of later start times for all its high school students. That was even after seeing great results in a one-school pilot. But the schools delayed making a change because of transportation issues.
The district could not overcome parent complaints about earlier start times for elementary students. Those times were made necessary because of the new later times for high school students. It would cost St. Paul about $8 million to add more buses. That is according to Jackie Statum Allen. She is assistant director for strategic planning and policy.
"It would be much better to put that in the classroom rather than the gas tank," Allen said.
In Seattle, officials encountered the same resistance. Some parents of younger children objected when bus schedules were flipped. Their kids were put on an earlier schedule for next year. Some parents argued that later start times would get in the way of after-school activities.
The Seattle change was approved in part because the district listened to parent feedback on an initial proposal. That made the final plan more expensive. But it also was more popular, said Cindy Jatul. She is a Seattle teacher and parent. She volunteers with Start School Later Seattle.
An effort to move school start times in Chicago failed. The district tried to make the change without community input. "It backfired terribly," said Jatul, who got involved in the effort in Seattle when her kids hit puberty. As a teacher, she was facing groggy teens at home and at school.
Bridget Shelton is a freshman at Seattle's Roosevelt High School. She believes the change in bell times will help her move from getting 6-7 hours of sleep to closer to 8 hours next year.
"I know many students that come in and are just struggling to stay awake," she said. "Many of my friends are falling asleep in class."
Katie Benmar is a sophomore. She does not think the new start time will make anything better. She expects her life will just shift one hour later. She will still go from after-school activities to dinner to homework and bed.
"I am going to bed at midnight and waking up at six," Benmar said of her current schedule. It includes jazz choir after school. "I am really tired right now."
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why does a later start improve student performance?
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