Teams of oxen help pull the Orleans County Grammar School to a new location Monday, Aug. 8, 2016, in Brownington, Vt . (AP Photo/Jim Cole)
Relocating school is moving experience
August 16, 2016
With dozens of oxen leading the way, a historic schoolhouse in Vermont has been relocated. It was moved to the spot where a prominent African-American scholar and legislator was once its schoolmaster.
For decades, the Orleans County Grammar School served as a meeting hall in Brownington. It is a hilltop village near the Canadian border. But town officials decided they wanted to move the 30-by-40-foot white clapboard-sided house. It needed to go a third of a mile up the road. They wanted to restore the village's historic district to its 19th-century condition.
The 105-ton timber-frame school building was moved up a hill by an engine on the back of a barge-like rolling platform. It filled both lanes of the narrow country road. The 44 oxen, well, they were there more for show. And to give the 900 or so onlookers a feel of what it might have been like to move the house back in the day.
"We were going to let the oxen take it if they could and help them out if they needed it," said Peggy Day Gibson. She is director of the Old Stone House Museum in Brownington. "So we're doing this for show. And we're doing it for fun. And we're doing it to get the community involved."
The schoolhouse first was relocated in 1869 to be closer to the town center. Now it is back at the small hilltop campus where Alexander Twilight opened it in 1823. He was its schoolmaster. Twilight is the town's central historical figure. He was the first African-American to graduate from an American college or university. He got a degree from Middlebury College.
The impetus for the move came two years ago. That is when the town was told it could no longer get insurance for a building without indoor plumbing or a modern heating system. Residents voted to offer the building to the Orleans County Historical Society. The society oversees the Brownington historic district.
Besides the engine pushing the schoolhouse up the hill, utility crews lowered power lines and communications cables. That was so the 34-foot-high building could have clearance.
The event appeared better attended than organizers hoped.
"We should be selling T-shirts," said Brownington resident Dawn Perry. She suggested the shirts might say, "I was there for the second moving of the schoolhouse."
The schoolhouse was placed next to a newly built foundation. The schoolhouse will be slid onto that later. The foundation will be fronted with slabs of granite. They will give it a more historically accurate appearance.
The building is "solid as a rock," said Bob Hunt. He is education director for the museum. Once in place, he said, "it should be good for another 200 years."
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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why weren't power lines lowered for the first move?
Write your answers in the comments section below