President Obama designates three new national monuments
President Barack Obama has granted national monument status to nearly 1.8 million acres. The land is part of the scenic Southern California desert. It is a move the White House says will maintain in timelessness the region's fragile ecosystem and natural resources. It also will provide recreational opportunities.
To do it, Obama signed proclamations. They established three regions as national monuments. The regions are Mojave Trails and Castle Mountains in the Mojave Desert. The third region is Sand to Snow. It is in the Sonoran Desert.
The White House says the designations will nearly double the amount of public land that Obama has designated as national monument status since he took office. He is in his second four-year term.
"The monuments will support climate resiliency in the region," the White House added in a statement.
The designations will also connect those regions to other protected government land. Those include Joshua Tree National Park and the Mojave National Preserve. It also includes 15 other federal wilderness areas.
Mojave Trails National Monument takes up 1.6 million acres. It is by far the largest of the three new ones.
Mojave Trails sprawls across the huge Mojave Desert. It has ancient lava flows. There are amazing sand dunes. It has ancient Native American trading routes. And it includes World War II-era training camps.
In addition, it has the largest remaining undeveloped stretch of America's Mother Road. That is along historic Route 66.
Castle Mountains National Monument also is in the Mojave Desert. It links two mountain ranges. The area covers nearly 21,000 acres. They hold many important Native American archaeological sites. The area is also home to golden eagles, bighorn sheep, mountain lions and other wildlife.
Sand to Snow National Monument rises from the floor of the Sonoran Desert. It rises to the 11,503-foot peak of Mount San Gorgonio. That is Southern California's tallest alpine peak.
Sand to Snow's diverse landscape includes the headwaters of the state's Santa Ana and Whitewater rivers. It is home to 240 species of birds. Twelve endangered or threatened species of wildlife can be found in the region.
It also contains an estimated 1,700 Native American petroglyphs. And, it has 30 miles of the Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail. Petroglyphs are ancient carvings in stone.
The federal Antiquities Act was adopted in 1906. It grants the president the authority to protect landmarks, structures and objects of historic or scientific interest. To do this, the president can designate them as national monuments.
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why do deserts need to be protected?
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