No brainer: Ending food waste could feed hungry and save money
September 23, 2015
Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack has announced a goal to cut the amount of food that Americans waste. He wants to reduce waste by 50 percent. He wants it to happen by 2030.
"The United States enjoys the most productive and abundant food supply on Earth. Too much of this food goes to waste," Vilsack said in New York City. He was joined by food-industry representatives. He was also joined by officials from the Environmental Protection Agency.
Vilsack compared the effort to reduce food waste to anti-littering campaigns. The were on in the 1960s and '70s. Those shamed Americans for tossing trash out car windows.
"This is the logical extension," he said. "This is the next litter campaign."
The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that Americans waste 133 billion pounds of food every year. That is 31 percent of Americans' overall food supply.
Vilsack said other nations waste similar amounts. He said the U.S. must lead a global effort. Food must be used more efficiently.
"This is an opportunity for us to make a statement and provide leadership," he said.
EPA officials said the huge waste is a problem. It is not just because the food could feed the hungry but it is also because it ends up in landfills. That means it affects the environment.
"Twenty-one percent of all the waste in landfills is food," EPA Deputy Administrator Stan Meiburg said. "Once it is there, it produces methane." He explained that methane is a greenhouse gas.
Leslie Sarasin is president and CEO of the Food Marketing Institute. It is a food retailers' trade association. The president said the industry supports cutting food waste. That is because the industry operates on a "razor-thin" margin of 1 or 2 percent.
"Reducing food waste at all levels in the food chain - farm, factory, store and home - is certainly one of those issues with economic and emotional appeal," she said.
The officials spoke at a facility in Long Island City, Queens. It is operated by the nonprofit City Harvest. The organization started in 1982. It is an effort to save extra food from restaurants. City Harvest now takes donations from businesses and farmers. Then it delivers it to 500 food banks and soup kitchens.
Vilsack toured the warehouse. It was packed with donated produce like carrots. They were too big to sell. Vilsack called it "truly inspiring."
He said the campaign to cut food waste includes educating consumers. One example might be how long food can be kept before it must be thrown out.
He said he recently used the USDA's new mobile FoodKeeper app. He wanted to determine whether chicken salad in his refrigerator was still good.
It was. And he ate it.
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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
If it's a no brainer, why do Americans waste so much food?
Write your answers in the comments section below