New York City wants to cut waste by 90 percent
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The nation's biggest city is New York. By 2030, it wants to reduce its waste by 90 percent.
The plan includes a big change to the city's recycling program. It includes incentives to reduce waste. The plan was announced by Mayor Bill de Blasio. The announcement came on Earth Day, which was April 22.
New York has about 8.5 million residents. It would be the largest city in the Western Hemisphere to adopt such a plan. Its aim is to reduce the amount of the city's waste by more than 3 million tons from its 2005 level. That was about 3.6 million tons.
The waste reduction plan is part of an update to the project created by de Blasio's predecessor. That was Mayor Michael Bloomberg. De Blasio is keeping its components. He is rebranding it OneNYC.
The average New Yorker throws out nearly 15 pounds of waste a week. That adds up to millions of tons a year, de Blasio told The Associated Press. "We need to tackle this challenge head on."
For decades, the city's trash has been exported by rail or barge. It is sent to South Carolina, Virginia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania or upstate New York. The new plan would eliminate almost all of the garbage exports. They cost the city more than $350 million a year.
The amount of waste produced by the city has fallen 14 percent since 2005. That is due to an increase in recycling. A key part of the plan is to simplify the process.
Currently, residential buildings have two types of recycling bins. The city's new single-stream plan would consolidate all recycling into one bin. It would happen by 2020.
Organics such as food scraps and yard waste make up 31 percent of the city's residential waste stream. A program to collect that material directly from residents' homes is being expanded. The goal is to reach nearly 200,000 residents by year's end. Officials want to serve every home in the city by the end of 2018. The city also will offer economic incentives to participate.
The city also aims to reduce commercial waste by 90 percent by 2030. It would adopt a program similar to what is being used in residential buildings. That could also mean tax incentives for businesses that participate. Those that don't take part could be fined.
The de Blasio administration stopped short of endorsing a City Council bill. It proposes a 10-cent fee on plastic bags. Officials said that reducing their use is a priority.
The OneNYC presentation is meant to build on de Blasio's environmental record. That includes a ban on Styrofoam boxes. The goal is to reduce carbon emissions from city buildings by 80 percent by 2050.
Environmental groups applauded the plan.
"We see cities all over the world struggling with waste," said Michael Berkowitz. He is president of 100 Resilient Cities. "A more efficient city is a more resilient city. And that means it's a stronger city."
Critical thinking challenge: New York City is the largest city in the Western Hemisphere. Why isn't it the largest city in the world?