Lincoln to Thai king: Thanks but no thanks for the elephants
The elephant is Thailand's national animal. So it's only natural that King Mongkut in 1861 offered to send a pair to the United States. There were meant as a gift. It was a symbol of the friendship between the two countries.
Abraham Lincoln was president at the time. He was likely bemused and relieved at the distraction from America's then-raging Civil War. But he politely declined. He said his country uses the steam engine. So it would have no use for the working animals.
The U.S. Embassy in Bangkok is showcasing historic gifts the two countries have exchanged on the grounds of Thailand's Grand Palace. This is part of the 200th anniversary celebrating the long-lasting relationship between the two countries.
There are documents spanning two centuries. The showcase includes the first-ever official letter sent between the two countries. It was sent in 1818. It was sent from a Thai diplomat to President James Monroe. Also included are some spectacular Thai objects d'art and portraits.
Then there's the elephants story. It is documented among the exhibits.
In his 1861 letters, Mongkut offered the elephants. This was after learning they were not native to America. He also sent along three gifts. These included a sword. It included a scabbard. And it included a photograph. It was of the king with one of his daughters and an impressive pair of elephant tusks.
He addressed the letters to then-President James Buchanan "or whomever would become president.” It had elaborate paragraph-long salutations.
Lincoln was already president by the time the letters arrived a year later. He penned a reply. He addressed the king simply as "Great and Good Friend."
The offer of elephants did not neglect practical details. Mongkut stated, "On this account, we desire to procure and send elephants to be let loose to increase and multiply in the continent of America."
Thailand was called Siam then. It did not have a large enough vessel to transport them. That’s according to the letter.
It continued: "In reference to this opinion of ours if the President of the United States and Congress who conjointly with him rule the country see fit to approve, let them provide a large vessel. It should be loaded with hay and other food suitable for elephants on the voyage. It should have tanks holding a sufficiency of fresh water. And it should be arranged with stalls so that the elephants can both stand and lie down in the ship. And it should be sent to us to receive the elephants. We on our part will procure young male and female elephants. We will forward them one or two pairs at a time."
Mongkut then in his letter directs that the elephants should be kept away from the cold. They should be kept under the sun. The letter also stated "let them with all haste be turned out to run wild in some jungle suitable for them. They should not be confined them any length of time."
"If these means can be done we trust that the elephants will propagate their species hereafter in the continent of America," the letter said.
Thai monarchy expert Tongthong Chandransu has an insight. Tongthong says the offer of elephants reveals that Mongkut wanted to be part of building the young United States.
"You have to consider that 200 years ago, elephants were an important means of transportation. It helped a lot with our work, not to mention warfare, but also the building of homes and cities," Tongthong said.
The ever-practical Lincoln rejected the offer to send wild elephants running through American forests. He said he country "does not reach a latitude so low as to favor the multiplication of the elephant." He said in his 1862 letter that "steam on land, as well as on water, has been our best and most efficient agent of transportation in internal commerce."
The exhibition runs until June 30.