In this March 30, 2004, file photo, a man fishes on a bridge on Tarawa atoll, Kiribati. The island nation of Kiribati established a large shark sanctuary that will help ensure the creatures are protected across much of the central Pacific. (AP Photo/Richard Voge/John Bazemore, File)
Kiribati establishes large shark sanctuary
November 30, 2016
The island nation of Kiribati has established a large shark sanctuary. It will help ensure the creatures are protected across much of the central Pacific.
Vice President Kourabi Nenem said that the nation was committed to protecting sharks from exploitation and overfishing.
Kiribati has banned commercial shark fishing in the sanctuary. The area is about the size of India.
Palau established the first shark sanctuary in the region. That was in 2009. It has been followed by the Marshall Islands, French Polynesia and other nations.
The Pew Charitable Trusts estimates that 100 million sharks are killed each year by commercial fisheries. It says sharks are vulnerable to overfishing. That's because they're slow to mature and reproduce.
Sharks are prized by some for their fins. The fins are used in shark fin soup.
Ben Namakin was born in Kiribati. He has pushed for the sanctuary. He said he first began to consult elders and community groups with the idea about four years ago. He said some people were resistant. This is because Kiribati had a tradition of catching and eating sharks.
But he said the elders didn't like the way commercial operators were fishing. The elders understood the creatures' plight more when told of their unusual biology.
"They came to realize the shark sanctuary was important to protecting our culture," Namakin said.
Luke Warwick is the director of Pew's global shark conservation campaign. He said the Pacific islands were leading the way when it came to protecting sharks. Kiribati's announcement represented another major step, Warwick said.
He said enforcement of the sanctuaries throughout the Pacific remained a difficult issue.
Warwick said the image of sharks was changing.
"They got a bad rap in the past. Now there is a growing movement that sees them as quite vulnerable," he said. "They need very strong protection."
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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
If sharks are so dangerous, why do they need to be protected in a sanctuary?
Write your answers in the comments section below