Facebook founder will give away $45,000,000,000
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife say they'll devote nearly all their wealth to solving the world's problems. The couple is worth more than $45 billion. Their decision is in celebration of their new baby daughter. Her name is Max.
Zuckerberg's wife, Priscilla Chan, gave birth to a 7-pound, 8-ounce daughter in November. The couple didn't put out the news until Dec. 1. Zuckerberg posted it on Facebook, of course.
In the same post, Zuckerberg said he and Chan will commit 99 percent of their Facebook stockholdings to various causes over time. Those include fighting disease, improving education and "building strong communities." The couple had previously pledged to give away at least half their assets during their lifetime. But they had not provided specifics.
They are forming a new organization. It's called the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative. It will pursue those goals in several ways. It will be through a combination of charitable donations, private investment and promotion of government-policy reform.
"Like all parents, we want you to grow up in a world better than ours today," the 31-year-old social media mogul and his wife wrote in a letter to their daughter. They also posted it on Facebook.
The announcement stunned the charity world. "It's incredibly impressive. And an enormous commitment. (It) really eclipses anything that we've seen in terms of size," said Phil Buchanan. He is president of the nonprofit Center for Effective Philanthropy.
By comparison, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has an endowment of just over $41 billion. It includes wealth donated by the Microsoft founder and his friend, the businessman Warren Buffett.
The Zuckerberg initiative will be organized as a limited liability company, however. That is different from a nonprofit foundation. "They want the most flexibility. And they are going to use a wide variety of activities to achieve their mission," Rachael Horwitz said via email. She is a Facebook spokeswoman. "So in that way this is not a foundation. Nor is it entirely charitable."
The notion of investing money in companies that tackle social issues isn't new. But it has gained more currency among a younger generation of philanthropists. That is especially true in the tech world.
Zuckerberg has also shown a previous interest in influencing public policy. He led other prominent Silicon Valley figures in forming a group, FWD.us. It lobbied and gave donations to congressional candidates. It was an unsuccessful effort to promote immigration reforms. Depending on how much of the new effort is devoted to lobbying, it could raise new questions about the influence of money in today's politics. That's according to some experts.
In the letter to their daughter, Zuckerberg and Chan described their goals. Those include "advancing human potential and promoting equality." They added: "We must make long term investments over 25, 50 or even 100 years. The greatest challenges require very long time horizons. (They) cannot be solved by short term thinking."
Zuckerberg promised to release more details in the future. He said the couple will transfer most of their wealth to the initiative "during our lives." The couple will be in charge of the initiative. But Zuckerberg won't quit his day job.
"I have a full time job running Facebook," he told The Associated Press in November. At that time, he discussed the couple's approach to philanthropy. Of his job at the social network, he added, "I'm going to be doing this for long time."
The Facebook co-founder is one of the world's wealthiest men. His wife, Chan, is a 30-year-old pediatrician. They donated $100 million to public schools in Newark, New Jersey. They have pledged $120 million to schools in poor communities of the San Francisco Bay Area. They've also given $75 million to the Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital. That's where Chan did her medical training.
Zuckerberg and Chan had announced on Facebook last July that they were expecting a daughter.
"Mom and baby are both healthy and doing well," Horwitz added. Zuckerberg has said he plans to take two months of paternity leave.
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why is Mark Zuckerberg giving away so much money?
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