Daniel Cranmer, of the Kwakwaka'wakw First Nation, from left, Andy Everson, of the Comox First Nation, and B.C. Premier Christy Clark listen during an announcement regarding protecting British Columbia's Great Bear Rainforest, at the Museum of Anthropology in Vancouver, Canada, Monday, Feb. 1, 2016. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press via AP/Thinkstock)
Canada protects rainforest from logging
February 05, 2016
British Columbia's Great Bear Rainforest is in Canada. Now, it has been largely protected from logging in a landmark agreement. It's a deal among aboriginals, forest companies, environmental groups and the Canadian government.
Premier Christy Clark of British Columbia announced the agreement. The land-sharing deal was 20 years in the making. It will protect 85 percent of the world's largest intact temperate rainforest. The land is located about 435 miles northwest of Vancouver.
The Great Bear Rainforest stretches from the Discovery Islands northwards to Alaska. It is 16 million acres. More than half the region is covered by ancient forests. The agreement ensures 7.7 million acres of the forests are permanently off limits to logging.
Environmentalist Richard Brooks said 95 percent of the area was open to logging 20 years ago. But protests, blockades and ensuing negotiations resulted in the new agreement. It ensures most of the forests will not be logged.
Twenty-six aboriginal tribes, environmental groups, coastal forest companies and the government reached the agreement. The land is the territory of 26 aboriginal tribes.
Coast Forest Products Association chief executive officer Rick Jeffery described the deal. He said it involved complex talks. They were between groups with opposing points of view. But compromise and success was achieved.
"It's unprecedented in the history of our province," said Jeffery. "It's a unique solution for a unique area."
The agreement also ends the commercial grizzly bear hunt. In addition, it protects habitat for the marbled murrelet, northern goshawk and mountain goat.
The area was officially named the Great Bear Rainforest by then-premier Gordon Campbell. That was in 2006. Environmentalists had given the area the name years before that. They wanted to protect the central coast from logging.
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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why were compromises required?
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