Californians depend upon diminished snow for water Frank Gehrke, chief of the California Cooperative Snow Surveys Program for the Department of Water Resources, checks the depth of the snowpack as he conducts the third manual snow survey of the season, at Phillips Station near Echo Summit, Calif., Tuesday, March 1, 2016. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli)
Californians depend upon diminished snow for water
Lexile

An unwelcome three-week winter dry spell has come to California.  It has left the California snowpack at just 83 percent of average. The level is a setback for the state. California is hoping to break out of record drought. The level was noted by state snow surveyors. They checked it on March 1.
 
In an icy meadow in the state's central Sierra Nevada, state surveyor Frank Gehrke plunged poles into snowbanks. He measured how much snow was lost. February brought record warm temperatures. And, there was little rain.
 
Californians depend on snowfall for a third of their water. They had hoped this year's strong El Nino system would deliver heavy snow and rain.
 
December and January were wet months. But then sunshine and blue skies returned. Temperatures hit the 90s in Southern California last month.
 
The year had a "very good start. And then ... February just did not come through," Gehrke said.
 
Gehrke's measuring site showed snowpack at 105 percent of average. That is compared to 130 percent at the same spot the month before.
 
Statewide, snowpack was at 83 percent of normal, officials said.
 
Last year California marked its driest four-year spell on record. It prompted Gov. Jerry Brown to order mandatory 25 percent water conservation for cities and towns last April. The conservation order remains in effect.
 
Officials say bringing the state out of drought would require snowpack at 150 percent of average. The state would need it by April 1.
 
December, January and February typically are the wettest months in California. However, late spring storm patterns dubbed "March Miracles" helped ease dry spells in 1991 and 1995. This is according to state Department of Water Resources officials.
 
Californians can still hope for such a miracle the first week of March. Changing weather patterns promised to send a series of storms over the state.
 
Forecasters expect as much as 7 inches of rain in Northern California. Heavy snow is expected in the mountains.

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CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Southern California had temperatures in the 90s. How can this region depend upon snow for water?
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