Assign to Google Classroom
A group of scientists made headlines last March. They announced that they'd found evidence about the early universe. But now, they are abandoning that claim.
New data show that their cosmic observations no longer back up that conclusion.
The original announcement caused a sensation. It appeared to show evidence that the universe ballooned rapidly a split-second after its birth. Scientists call it cosmic inflation. That idea had been widely believed. But researchers had hoped to bolster it. They were looking for a particular trait in light. It would have been left over from the very early universe.
That signal is what the researchers claimed they had found. They had taken observations of the sky from the South Pole. The project is called BICEP2.
But now, "We are effectively retracting the claim," said Brian Keating. He is with the University of California, San Diego, a member of the BICEP2 team.
"It's disappointing," he said. "But it's important to know the truth."
The new analysis was conducted by BICEP2 researchers. They collaborated with scientists who worked with the European Planck satellite. The satellite provided new data. It helped interpret the original observations.
In essence, Keating said, the analysis shows that the source of the signal observed by BICEP2 isn't necessarily the very early universe. Instead, it's equally likely to have come from dust in our galaxy. That would mean it does not provide the evidence BICEP2 had claimed.
That possibility had been raised by other scientists. When the BICEP2 team published its results last year, it acknowledged it might have been fooled by the dust. But it still stood by its initial conclusions.
Keating said the search for the signal from the early universe would continue. And the new analysis has helped, he said. It showed how to avoid being misled by the galactic dust.
Critical thinking challenge: Why was it important for the scientists to retract their claim?