A female Sumatran rhino named Ratu, right, is seen with her calf at Way Kambas National Park in Lampung, Indonesia in 2012. Ratu is pregnant with her second calf at an Indonesian sanctuary in the original habitat of the highly endangered species, a government conservation official said Wednesday, Sept. 23, 2015. (AP Photo)
Another baby on the way for endangered rhino
September 28, 2015
Assign to Google Classroom
A Sumatran rhinoceros is pregnant with her second calf. The mother lives at an Indonesian sanctuary in the original habitat of the highly endangered species. This is according to a government conservation official.
Bambang Dahono Adji is the director of biodiversity conservation at Indonesia's Ministry of Environment and Forestry. He said the mother is named Ratu. She is expected to give birth in May. The birth will be at the Way Kambas National Park. It is in southern Sumatra. The baby would join five other rhinos there.
Sumatran rhino pregnancies last about 16 months. The babies weigh up to 60 pounds. Ultrasound images indicate Ratu's pregnancy is progressing normally.
"This proves capabilities of our own experts at Way Kambas," Dahono said. "Malaysia's announcement of the extinction of Sumatran rhino there made Indonesia's efforts to save the rhino very important now."
Ratu was born in the wild. She is now 12 years old. She wandered out of the rainforest in 2005. Her first calf was a male. It is named Andatu. It was born in 2012. Andatu was the first Sumatran rhino born in an Asian breeding facility in more than 140 years.
The father of both calves is Andalas. He was born at the Cincinnati Zoo. He was sent to the Los Angeles Zoo. Then he was moved to Indonesia in 2007 for mating.
Andalas' brother, Harapan, lives at the Cincinnati Zoo. He is the only Sumatran rhino abroad. He is expected to be moved to Indonesia in October. Their sister Suci was believed to have died there because her diet at the zoo contained too much iron.
"We are proudly announcing the pregnancy of Ratu at the Sumatra Rhone Sanctuary coinciding with the celebration of World Rhino Day," Environment Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar said in a statement. World Rhino Day was Sept. 22.
She added "the pregnancy represents decades of international collaboration to save this endangered species."
Susie Ellis is executive director of the International Rhino Foundation. She said the pregnancy comes at a critical time for the species. No more than 100 animals are left in the wild.
"One birth doesn't save a species. But it's one more Sumatran rhino on Earth," Ellis said.
The species is seriously threatened by loss of habitat and poaching for their horns.
Assigned 16 times
CRITICAL THINKING QUESTION
Why was international collaboration required?
Write your answers in the comments section below